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Valloric

YouCompleteMe – Vimのコード補完エンジン

投稿日:

Vimのコード補完エンジン http://valloric.github.io/YouCompleteMe/

YouCompleteMe:Vimのコード補完エンジン

ヘルプ、アドバイス、サポート

ヘルプ、アドバイス、サポートをお探しですか? YCMを動作させるのに問題がありますか?

まず、お使いのOSのインストール手順をよくお読みください。 付属のinstall.pyを使用することをお勧めします。

次に、 使用しているセマンティックコンプリータのUser Guideセクションをチェックします C / C ++ / Objective Cでは、 このセクションを読む必要あります。

最後にFAQをチェックしてください

インストールガイドとユーザーガイドを読み、FAQをチェックしても問題が解決しない場合は、以下の連絡先セクションで連絡方法を確認してください。

サポートのために#fimのfreenodeに行ってはいけません 以下の連絡先の詳細を使用して、YouCompleteMeの保守担当者に直接ご連絡ください。

内容

イントロ

YouCompleteMeは、 Vimのためのファジー検索コード補完エンジンです。 それにはいくつかの補完エンジンがあります:

  • すべてのプログラミング言語で動作する識別子ベースのエンジン、
  • C / C ++ / Objective-C / Objective-C ++(現在は「C-family言語」と呼ばれています)のネイティブセマンティックコード補完を提供するClangベースのエンジンです。
  • JediベースのPython 2とPython 3用の補完エンジン( JediHTTPラッパーを使用)
  • OmniSharpベースのC#用補完エンジン、
  • GoのためのGocodeGodefセマンティックエンジンの組み合わせ、
  • TypeServer用のTSServerベースの完了エンジン、
  • JavaScript用のTernベースの補完エンジン、
  • Rustのレーサーベース補完エンジン、
  • Java用のjdt.lsベースの実験的な補完エンジンです。
  • Vimのomnicompleteシステムのデータを使用して他の多くの言語(Ruby、PHPなど)の意味補完を提供するomnifuncベースのコンプリータです。

上記の短いGIFデモで何が起こるのかを説明します。

まず、デモのどの時点でも、完了候補のリストを取得するためにキーボードショートカットを押さなくてはならないことに気づいてください。 ユーザーは入力するだけで、提案は単独でポップアップ表示されます。 ユーザーが関連する完了候補が見つからない場合や、入力を希望する場合は、完了候補を表示できます。 完了エンジンは干渉しません。

ユーザーが提供されている有用な完了文字列を見ると、TABキーを押して受け入れます。 これにより、完了文字列が挿入されます。 提供された補完を通してTABキーサイクルの繰り返しを繰り返します。

提示された補完が十分に関連していない場合、ユーザーは望ましくない補完をさらに除外するために入力を続けることができます。

注意すべき重要なことは、補完のフィルタリングは 、補完の文字列接頭辞である入力に基づいているのではないということです。 入力は、完了の部分一致とする必要があります。 これは、入力文字が入力に現れる順番で完了文字列内に存在する必要があることを示すための素晴らしい方法です。 したがって、 abcxbyxaxxcですが、 xaybgcサブシーケンスはありません。 フィルタの後、複雑なソートシステムは、最も関連性の高いものがメニューの上になるように完了文字列をランク付けします(通常はTabキーを1回押す必要があります)。

上記のすべては、識別子ベースの補完エンジンのためにプログラミング言語で動作します 現在のファイルや訪問した他のファイル(およびタグファイル)のすべての識別子を収集し、入力すると識別子を検索します(識別子はファイルタイプごとのグループに入ります)。

デモでは、使用中のセマンティックエンジンも表示されます。 ユーザーが押すと ->または::挿入モード(C ++の場合、他の言語では異なるトリガが使用されます)では、セマンティックエンジンが起動されます(キーボードショートカットで起動することもできます。

最後に、デモで見ることができるのは、Cファミリファイルを編集する場合、YCMの診断表示機能(左ガターに現れる小さな赤いX、 Syntasticに触発されている )です。 Clangがファイルをコンパイルし、警告やエラーを検出すると、さまざまな方法で表示されます。 ファイルを保存したり、キーボードショートカットを押す必要はありません。これはバックグラウンドで「まさに」起こります。

本質的に、YCMは以下のVimプラグインを廃止しました。

  • clang_complete
  • オートコンプポップ
  • Supertab
  • ネオコンプレックス

それだけではありません…

YCMは、以下を含む多くの言語で意味論的なIDEのような機能も提供しています。

  • 識別子の宣言、定義、用途などを見つけること、
  • クラス、変数、関数などの型情報を表示したり、
  • プレビューウィンドウにメソッド、メンバーなどのドキュメントを表示したり、
  • セミコロン、タイプミスなどのような一般的なコーディングエラーを修正し、
  • ファイル間の変数のセマンティック・リネーム(JavaScriptのみ)。

機能はファイルの種類によって異なりますので、 ファイルタイプの機能概要コンプリートサブコマンドの完全なリストをチェックして、ご使用の言語で使用可能な機能を確認してください。

また、YCMにはファイルパスコンプリータ(ファイルに./を入力してください)とUltiSnipsと統合するコンプリータがあります。

インストール

Mac OS X

これらの手順( install.pyを使用)は、YouCompleteMeをインストールする最も簡単な方法install.pyが、すべての人で動作するわけではありません。 次の手順がうまくいかない場合は、 完全なインストールガイドを参照してください

MacVimの最新バージョンをインストールします はい、MacVim。 そして、はい、 最新です。

MacVim GUIを使用しない場合は、MacVim.appパッケージ( MacVim.app/Contents/MacOS/Vim )内にあるVimバイナリを使用することをお勧めします。 正しく動作するように、 MacVimのダウンロードからローカルのバイナリフォルダ(たとえば/usr/local/bin/mvim )にmvimスクリプトをコピーし、それをシンボリックリンクします:

ln -s /usr/local/bin/mvim vim

VundleでYouCompleteMeをインストールします

注意 YCMは、コンパイルされたコンポーネントを持つプラグインです。 Vundleを使用してYCMを更新し、ycm_coreライブラリAPIが変更された(まれにしか発生しない)場合、YCMは再コンパイルするように通知します。 その後、インストールプロセスを再実行する必要があります。

注記: Cファミリの補完が必要な場合は、最新のコマンドラインツールとともに最新のXcodeをインストールする必要があります(最初にclangを実行すると自動的にインストールされるか、 xcode-select --installを実行して手動でインストールされます)

CMakeをインストールします。 好ましくはHomebrewと一緒ですが、ここにはスタンドアローンのCMakeインストーラがあります。

Homebrew PythonやHomebrew MacVimをインストールしている場合は、 FAQを参照してください。

C-family言語の意味論的サポートによるYCMのコンパイル:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --clang-completer

Cファミリ言語の意味論的サポートなしで YCM コンパイルする:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py

次の追加言語サポートオプションを利用できます。

  • C#のサポート: Homebrewで Monoをインストールするか、 Mono Macパッケージをダウンロードし、. --cs-completer呼び出すときに--cs-completerを追加します。
  • サポートに行く:install ./install.py呼び出すときにgoを実行し、– go --go-completerを追加する。
  • TypeScriptのサポート: Node.jsとnpmをインストールし、 npm install -g typescript付けてTypeScript SDKをnpm install -g typescriptます。
  • JavaScriptサポート: --js-completer呼び出すときにNode.jsとnpmをインストール--js-completer--js-completerを追加します。
  • 錆のサポート: --rust-completer呼び出すときに、 Rustをインストールして--rust-completerを追加します。
  • Javaのサポート: JDK8(バージョン8が必要)をインストール--java-completer 、. --java-completer呼び出すときに--java-completerを追加します。

有効にしたすべてをコンパイルするには、– --allフラグがあります。 したがって、すべての言語機能をインストールするには、 xbuildgotsservernodenpmrustccargoツールがインストールされていることをPATHに確認してください。

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --all

それでおしまい。 あなたは終わった。 YCMの使い方については、 ユーザーガイドのセクションを参照してください。 Cファミリのセマンティックコンプリートエンジンが機能するようにするには、プロジェクトのコンパイルフラグをYCMに提供する必要があることを忘れないでください。 それはユーザーガイドのすべてです。

YCMにはオプションのための正常なデフォルトが付属していますが、設定のために利用可能なものを見たいかもしれません。 あなたがオンにしたいかもしれないデフォルトで控えめにオフにされているいくつかの興味深いオプションがあります。

Ubuntu Linux x64

これらの手順( install.pyを使用)は、YouCompleteMeをインストールする最も簡単な方法install.pyが、すべての人で動作するわけではありません。 次の手順がうまくいかない場合は、 完全なインストールガイドを参照してください

Vim 7.4.1578にPython 2またはPython 3をサポートしていることを確認してください。 Ubuntu 16.04以降には、最近のVimがあります。 vim --version実行すると、Vimのバージョンが表示されます。 バージョンが古すぎる場合は、ソースからVimコンパイルする必要があります(心配しないで、簡単です)。

VundleでYouCompleteMeをインストールします

注意 YCMは、コンパイルされたコンポーネントを持つプラグインです。 Vundleを使用してYCMを更新し、ycm_coreライブラリAPIが変更された(まれにしか発生しない)場合、YCMは再コンパイルするように通知します。 その後、インストールプロセスを再実行する必要があります。

開発ツールとCMakeをインストールする:

sudo apt-get install build-essential cmake

注意:古いシステム(Ubuntu 14.04など)では、 cmakeコンパイルに関する問題が発生する可能性があります。 したがって、代わりに次のようにインストールしてください。

sudo apt-get install build-essential cmake3

Pythonヘッダがインストールされていることを確認してください:

sudo apt-get install python-dev python3-dev

C-family言語の意味論的サポートによるYCMのコンパイル:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --clang-completer

Cファミリ言語の意味論的サポートなしで YCM コンパイルする:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py

次の追加言語サポートオプションを利用できます。

  • C#のサポート: Monoをインストールし、. --cs-completer呼び出すときに--cs-completerを追加します。
  • サポートに行く:install ./install.py呼び出すときは、 goを実行して--go-completerを追加してください。
  • TypeScriptのサポート: Node.jsとnpmをインストールし、 npm install -g typescript付けてTypeScript SDKをnpm install -g typescriptます。
  • JavaScriptサポート: --js-completer呼び出すときにNode.jsとnpmをインストール--js-completer--js-completerを追加します。
  • 錆のサポート: --rust-completer呼び出すときに、 Rustをインストールして--rust-completerを追加します。
  • Javaのサポート: JDK8(バージョン8が必要)をインストール--java-completer 、. --java-completer呼び出すときに--java-completerを追加します。

有効にしたすべてをコンパイルするには、– --allフラグがあります。 したがって、すべての言語機能をインストールするには、 xbuildgotsservernodenpmrustccargoツールがインストールされていることをPATHに確認してください。

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --all

それでおしまい。 あなたは終わった。 YCMの使い方については、 ユーザーガイドのセクションを参照してください。 Cファミリのセマンティックコンプリートエンジンが機能するようにするには、プロジェクトのコンパイルフラグをYCMに提供する必要があることを忘れないでください。 それはユーザーガイドのすべてです。

YCMにはオプションのための正常なデフォルトが付属していますが、設定のために利用可能なものを見たいかもしれません。 あなたがオンにしたいかもしれないデフォルトで控えめにオフにされているいくつかの興味深いオプションがあります。

Fedora Linux x64

これらの手順( install.pyを使用)は、YouCompleteMeをインストールする最も簡単な方法install.pyが、すべての人で動作するわけではありません。 次の手順がうまくいかない場合は、 完全なインストールガイドを参照してください

Vim 7.4.1578にPython 2またはPython 3がサポートされていることを確認してください。 Fedora 21以降には、最近のVimがあります。 vim --version実行すると、Vimのバージョンが表示されます。 バージョンが古すぎる場合は、ソースからVimコンパイルする必要があります(心配しないで、簡単です)。

VundleでYouCompleteMeをインストールします

注意 YCMは、コンパイルされたコンポーネントを持つプラグインです。 Vundleを使用してYCMを更新し、ycm_coreライブラリAPIが変更された(まれにしか発生しない)場合、YCMは再コンパイルするように通知します。 その後、インストールプロセスを再実行する必要があります。

開発ツールとCMakeをインストールする:

sudo dnf install automake gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel cmake

Pythonヘッダがインストールされていることを確認してください:

sudo dnf install python-devel python3-devel

C-family言語の意味論的サポートによるYCMのコンパイル:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --clang-completer

Cファミリ言語の意味論的サポートなしで YCM コンパイルする:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py

次の追加言語サポートオプションを利用できます。

  • C#のサポート: Monoをインストールし、. --cs-completer呼び出すときに--cs-completerを追加します。
  • サポートに行く:install ./install.py呼び出すときは、 goを実行して--go-completerを追加してください。
  • TypeScriptのサポート: Node.jsとnpmをインストールし、 npm install -g typescript付けてTypeScript SDKをnpm install -g typescriptます。
  • JavaScriptサポート: --js-completer呼び出すときにNode.jsとnpmをインストール--js-completer--js-completerを追加します。
  • 錆のサポート: --rust-completer呼び出すときに、 Rustをインストールして--rust-completerを追加します。
  • Javaのサポート: JDK8(バージョン8が必要)をインストール--java-completer 、. --java-completer呼び出すときに--java-completerを追加します。

有効にしたすべてをコンパイルするには、– --allフラグがあります。 したがって、すべての言語機能をインストールするには、 xbuildgotsservernodenpmrustccargoツールがインストールされていることをPATHに確認してください。

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --all

それでおしまい。 あなたは終わった。 YCMの使い方については、 ユーザーガイドのセクションを参照してください。 Cファミリのセマンティックコンプリートエンジンが機能するようにするには、プロジェクトのコンパイルフラグをYCMに提供する必要があることを忘れないでください。 それはユーザーガイドのすべてです。

YCMにはオプションのための正常なデフォルトが付属していますが、設定のために利用可能なものを見たいかもしれません。 あなたがオンにしたいかもしれないデフォルトで控えめにオフにされているいくつかの興味深いオプションがあります。

Windows

これらの手順( install.pyを使用)は、YouCompleteMeをインストールする最も簡単な方法install.pyが、すべての人で動作するわけではありません。 次の手順がうまくいかない場合は、 完全なインストールガイドを参照してください

重要: cmd.exeコマンドプロンプトを使用していることと、PATH環境変数に実行可能ファイルを追加する方法が分かっていることを前提としています。

少なくともPython 2またはPython 3をサポートしているVim 7.4.1578があることを確認してください。 Vimの中に:version入力すると、バージョンとPythonがサポートされていることを確認できます。 以下の機能を+python3/dynください:Python 2では+python/dyn 、Python 3では+python3/dyn+python3/dynアーキテクチャ、つまり32または64ビットを注意してください。 Pythonインストーラを選択する際には重要です。 64ビットクライアントを使用することをお勧めします。 Python 2およびPython 3をサポートする32ビットおよび64ビットVimの毎日更新されたコピーが利用できます。

次の行を追加します。

set encoding=utf-8

あなたのvimrcにまだ存在しなければ。 このオプションはYCMで必要です。 UTF-8以外のエンコーディングでファイルを編集することはできません。 :eコマンドに++enc引数を指定することで、これを行うことができます。

VundleでYouCompleteMeをインストールします

注意 YCMは、コンパイルされたコンポーネントを持つプラグインです。 Vundleを使用してYCMを更新し、ycm_coreライブラリAPIが変更された(まれにしか発生しない)場合、YCMは再コンパイルするように通知します。 その後、インストールプロセスを再実行する必要があります。

次のソフトウェアをダウンロードしてインストールします。

  • Python 2またはPython 3 Vimのアーキテクチャに対応したバージョンを選択してください。 32ビットVimの場合はWindows x86、64ビットVimの場合はWindows x86-64です。 Python 3をインストールすることをお勧めします。さらに、インストールするPythonのバージョンは、Vimが探しているPythonのバージョンと正確に一致する必要があります。 タイプ:version 。コンパイラフラグのリストのページの一番下を見てください。 -DDYNAMIC_PYTHON_DLL=\"python27.dll\"-DDYNAMIC_PYTHON3_DLL=\"python35.dll\"ようなフラグを探します。 前者はVimがPython 2.7を探していることを示し、後者はVimがPython 3.5を探していることを示しています。 どちらか一方がインストールされていて、バージョン番号と正確に一致している必要があります。
  • CMake CMake実行ファイルをPATH環境変数に追加します。
  • Visual Studio コミュニティ版をダウンロードしてください。 セットアップ中に、[ ワークロード]で[ C ++デスクトップ開発]を選択します。

C-family言語の意味論的サポートによるYCMのコンパイル:

cd %USERPROFILE%/vimfiles/bundle/YouCompleteMe
python install.py --clang-completer

Cファミリ言語の意味論的サポートなしで YCM コンパイルする:

cd %USERPROFILE%/vimfiles/bundle/YouCompleteMe
python install.py

次の追加言語サポートオプションを利用できます。

  • C#サポート: install.py呼び出すときに--cs-completer追加します。 buildユーティリティmsbuildがあなたのPATHにあることを確認してください
  • Goサポート:install install.py呼び出すときは、 Goを実行して--go-completerを追加してください。
  • TypeScriptのサポート: Node.jsとnpmをインストールし、 npm install -g typescript付けてTypeScript SDKをnpm install -g typescriptます。
  • JavaScriptサポート: install.py呼び出すときにNode.jsとnpmをインストール--js-completer--js-completerを追加します。
  • 錆のサポート: install.py呼び出すときにRustをインストールし、– --rust-completerを追加します。
  • Javaのサポート: JDK8(バージョン8が必要)をインストール--java-completer 、. --java-completer呼び出すときに--java-completerを追加します。

有効にしたすべてをコンパイルするには、– --allフラグがあります。 したがって、すべての言語機能をインストールするには、 msbuildgotsservernodenpmcargoツールがPATHインストールされていることを確認してください。

cd %USERPROFILE%/vimfiles/bundle/YouCompleteMe
python install.py --all

--msvcオプションを使用して、Microsoft Visual C ++(MSVC)バージョンを指定することができます。 YCMはMSVC 12(Visual Studio 2013)、14(2015)、および15(2017)を正式にサポートしています。

それでおしまい。 あなたは終わった。 YCMの使い方については、 ユーザーガイドのセクションを参照してください。 Cファミリのセマンティックコンプリートエンジンが機能するようにするには、プロジェクトのコンパイルフラグをYCMに提供する必要があることを忘れないでください。 それはユーザーガイドのすべてです。

YCMにはオプションのための正常なデフォルトが付属していますが、設定のために利用可能なものを見たいかもしれません。 あなたがオンにしたいかもしれないデフォルトで控えめにオフにされているいくつかの興味深いオプションがあります。

FreeBSD / OpenBSD

これらの手順( install.pyを使用)は、YouCompleteMeをインストールする最も簡単な方法install.pyが、すべての人で動作するわけではありません。 次の手順がうまくいかない場合は、 完全なインストールガイドを参照してください

注意: OpenBSD / FreeBSDは、YCMが公式にサポートしているプラ​​ットフォームではありません。

Vim 7.4.1578にPython 2またはPython 3をサポートしていることを確認してください。

OpenBSD 5.5以降には、最近のVimがあります。 vim --version実行すると、Vimのバージョンが表示されます。

FreeBSD 10.xにはclangコンパイラが付属していますが、インストールに必要なライブラリはありません。

pkg install llvm38 boost-all boost-python-libs clang38
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/llvm38/lib/

VundleでYouCompleteMeをインストールします

注意 YCMは、コンパイルされたコンポーネントを持つプラグインです。 Vundleを使用してYCMを更新し、ycm_coreライブラリAPIが変更された(まれにしか発生しない)場合、YCMは再コンパイルするように通知します。 その後、インストールプロセスを再実行する必要があります。

依存関係をインストールしてCMake: sudo pkg_add llvm boost cmake

C-family言語の意味論的サポートによるYCMのコンパイル:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --clang-completer --system-libclang --system-boost

Cファミリ言語の意味論的サポートなしで YCM コンパイルする:

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --system-boost

次の追加言語サポートオプションを利用できます。

  • C#のサポート:Monoをインストールし、. --cs-completer呼び出すときに--cs-completerを追加します。
  • サポートに行く:install ./install.py呼び出すときにgoを実行し、– go --go-completerを追加する。
  • TypeScriptのサポート: Node.jsとnpmをインストールし、 npm install -g typescript付けてTypeScript SDKをnpm install -g typescriptます。
  • JavaScriptサポート: --js-completer呼び出すときにNode.jsとnpmをインストール--js-completer--js-completerを追加します。
  • 錆のサポート: --rust-completer呼び出すときに、 Rustをインストールして--rust-completerを追加します。
  • Javaのサポート: JDK8(バージョン8が必要)をインストール--java-completer 、. --java-completer呼び出すときに--java-completerを追加します。

有効にしたすべてをコンパイルするには、– --allフラグがあります。 したがって、すべての言語機能をインストールするには、 xbuildgotsservernodenpmcargoツールがPATHインストールされていることを確認してください。

cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --all

それでおしまい。 あなたは終わった。 YCMの使い方については、 ユーザーガイドのセクションを参照してください。 Cファミリのセマンティックコンプリートエンジンが機能するようにするには、プロジェクトのコンパイルフラグをYCMに提供する必要があることを忘れないでください。 それはユーザーガイドのすべてです。

YCMにはオプションのための正常なデフォルトが付属していますが、設定のために利用可能なものを見たいかもしれません。 あなたがオンにしたいかもしれないデフォルトで控えめにオフにされているいくつかの興味深いオプションがあります。

完全インストールガイド

これらは、YCMをUnix OSとWindows上で動作させるために必要なステップです。

Windowsユーザーの注意: cmd.exeコマンドプロンプトを実行しており、必要な実行可能ファイルがPATH環境変数にあることを前提としています。 シェルコマンドをコピーするだけではありません。 %USERPROFILE%~を置き換え、正しいVimホームディレクトリを使用してください。 これは、 .vimではなく、デフォルトでvimfilesする必要がvimfilesます。

問題がある場合はFAQを参照してください

注意 YCMは、コンパイルされたコンポーネントを持つプラグインです。 Vundleを使用してYCMを更新し、ycm_coreライブラリAPIが変更された(まれにしか発生しない)場合、YCMは再コンパイルするように通知します。 その後、インストールプロセスを再実行する必要があります。

指示に従ってください。 EVERY WORDを読んでください。

  1. Vimのバージョンが7.4.1578 以上で 、Python 2またはPython 3のスクリプティングがサポートされていることを確認してください

    Vimの中に、 :versionます。 最初の2〜3行の出力を見てください。 XYがVimのメジャーバージョンであるVi IMproved XYと言ってください。 あなたのバージョンが7.4より大きい場合は、すべて設定されています。 バージョンが7.4の場合は、「 Included patches: 1-Z 」と表示されている場所の下を見てください.Zはいくつかの数字になります。 その数は1578以上である必要があります。

    あなたのバージョンのVimが十分に最新でない場合は、ソースからVimコンパイルする必要があります(心配しないで、簡単です)。

    Vim 7.4.1578+を持っていることを確認したら、Vimに次のように入力します:echo has('python') || has('python3') :echo has('python') || has('python3')ます。 出力は1でなければなりません。もし0ならば、PythonをサポートしたVimのバージョンを入手してください。

    Windowsでは、Vimのアーキテクチャが32または64ビットであるかどうかをチェックしてください。 これは、PythonとYCMのライブラリアーキテクチャに一致する必要があるため、非常に重要です。 64ビットVimを使用することをお勧めします。

  2. YCMVundle (またはPathogen 、しかしVundleは良い考えです)と一緒に インストールしてください Vundleでは、これはPlugin 'Valloric/YouCompleteMe'行をvimrcに追加することを意味します。

    YCMをVundleと一緒にインストールしない場合は、YCMの依存関係を取得するために、YCMリポジトリをチェックアウトした後にgit submodule update --init --recursiveを実行してください(Vundleがこれを行います)。

  3. [Cファミリー言語のセマンティック補完のサポートを気にしている場合にのみ、このステップを完了してください。 それ以外の場合は必要ありません。]

    libclangの最新バージョンをダウンロードしてlibclang Clangは、C / C ++ / Objective-C / Objective-C ++をコンパイルできるオープンソースコンパイラです。 それらが提供するlibclangライブラリは、それらの言語のYCMセマンティックコンプリートエンジンに電力を供給するために使用されます。 YCMは、libclangバージョン3.9以降で動作するように設計されています。

    システムlibclang は、それがバージョン3.9以上であることが確かな場合にのみ使用できます。それ以外の場合は使用しないでください。 可能であれば、llvm.org公式バイナリを使用することをお勧めします。 お使いのOS用の正しいアーカイブファイルをダウンロードしてください。

    アップストリームのコンパイル済みバイナリではなく、libclangシステムの使用を強く推奨します。 ランダムなものが壊れることがあります。 手間を省き、事前に構築された上流のlibclangを使用してください。

  4. YCMが必要とするycm_coreライブラリコンパイルします。 このライブラリは、YCMが高速補完を得るために使用するC ++エンジンです。

    必要なmakefileを生成するには、 cmakeインストールする必要があります。 Linuxユーザーは、自分のパッケージマネージャー( sudo apt-get install cmakeをUbuntuの場合はsudo apt-get install cmakeでインストールすることができますが、他のユーザーはプロジェクトサイトからcmakeをダウンロードしてインストールできます Macユーザーは、 brew install cmakeを使用してHomebrewを通じて取得することもbrew install cmakeます。

    Unix OSでは、Pythonヘッダがインストールされていることを確認する必要があります。 DebianのようなLinuxディストリビューションでは、これはsudo apt-get install python-dev python3-devます。 Macでは既に存在しているはずです。

    Windowsでは、 Python 2またはPython 3をダウンロードしてインストールする必要があります。 Vimのアーキテクチャに対応したバージョンを選んでください。 YCMを構築するには、Microsoft Visual C ++(MSVC)も必要です。 Visual Studioをインストールすることで入手できます。 MSVC 12(Visual Studio 2013)、14(2015)、および15(2017)が正式にサポートされています。

    ここではVundleを使ってYCMをインストールしたと仮定します。 これは、トップレベルのYCMディレクトリが~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMeます。

    ビルドファイルが置かれる新しいフォルダを作成します。 次のコマンドを実行します。

    cd ~
    mkdir ycm_build
    cd ycm_build
    

    これでメイクファイルを生成する必要があります。 Cファミリ言語のセマンティックサポートを気にしない場合は、 ycm_buildディレクトリで次のコマンドを実行します。

    cmake -G "<generator>" . ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/cpp
    

    <generator>は、Unixシステム上のUnix Makefilesと、Windows上の次のVisual Studioジェネレータのいずれかです。

    • Visual Studio 12 Win64
    • Visual Studio 14 Win64
    • Visual Studio 15 Win64

    Vimのアーキテクチャが32ビットの場合、これらのジェネレータでWin64部分を削除してください。

    boostのシステムバージョンを使いたい人は、 -DUSE_SYSTEM_BOOST=ONをcmakeに渡します。 これは、バンドルされたバージョンのブーストが箱からコンパイルされないシステムでは必要になるかもしれません。

    注:バンドルされたバージョンのブーストの代わりにシステムのブーストを使用すること強く推奨します。 ランダムなものが壊れることがあります。 手間を省き、バンドルされたバージョンのブーストを使用してください。

    Cファミリ言語のセマンティックサポートを気にしていれば、 cmakeコールはもう少し複雑になります。 手順3でLLVM + Clangのバイナリディストリビューションをllvm.orgからダウンロードし、アーカイブファイルを~/ycm_temp/llvm_root_dir (そのフォルダ内のbinlibincludeなどのフォルダ)に~/ycm_temp/llvm_root_dirします。 Windowsでは、 7-zipを使用してLLVM + Clangインストーラからファイルを抽出できます。

    注:これは、カスタムビルドされたLLVMではなく、 ダウンロードされた LLVMバイナリパッケージでのみ機能します カスタムLLVMビルドを使用する場合は、 EXTERNAL_LIBCLANG_PATHについては以下のドキュメントを参照してください。

    これを念頭において、 ycm_buildディレクトリで次のコマンドを実行します。

    cmake -G "<generator>" -DPATH_TO_LLVM_ROOT=~/ycm_temp/llvm_root_dir . ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/cpp
    

    ここで<generator>は上記のように置き換えられます。

    設定ファイルが生成されたので、次のコマンドを使用してライブラリをコンパイルします。

    cmake --build . --target ycm_core --config Release
    

    --config ReleaseパートはWindows固有のもので、Unix OSでは無視されます。

    libclangのシステムバージョンを使用したい人-DPATH_TO_LLVM_ROOT=...フラグの代わりに -DUSE_SYSTEM_LIBCLANG=ONをcmake -DPATH_TO_LLVM_ROOT=...

    注意:アップストリームのコンパイル済みバイナリの代わりにlibclangシステムを使用することを強く推奨します。 ランダムなものが壊れることがあります。 手間を省き、事前に構築された上流のlibclangを使用してください。

    -DEXTERNAL_LIBCLANG_PATH=/path/to/libclang.soフラグ(Macでは.dylibで終わるライブラリ)を使用して、カスタムlibclangライブラリを強制的に使用することもできます。 ここでも、このフラグは他のフラグの代わりに使用されます。 ソースからLLVMをコンパイルした場合は、これを使用するべきフラグです。

    cmakeコマンドを実行すると、clangサポートでコンパイルした場合(YCMが動作するために必要)、 YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmdフォルダにlibclang.[so|dylib|dll]YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmdます。

  5. 必要に応じて、追加の言語のサポートを設定します。

    • C#のサポート: MonoをWindows以外のプラットフォームにインストールします YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/third_party/OmniSharpServerして実行します。

      msbuild /property:Configuration=Release /property:Platform="Any CPU" /property:TargetFrameworkVersion=v4.5
      

      Windowsでは、 buildユーティリティmsbuildがPATHにあることを確認してください

    • Go support:installを実行してパスに追加します。 YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/third_party/gocodego buildを実行go buildます。

    • TypeScriptのサポート:クイックインストールの場合と同様に、 Node.jsとnpmを正常にインストールした後、 npm install -g typescriptだけです。

    • JavaScriptサポート: Node.jsとnpmをインストールします。 その後、 YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/third_party/tern_runtimenpm install --productionを実行します

    • 錆のサポート:錆をインストールします。 YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/third_party/racerdcargo build --release YouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/third_party/racerdを実行cargo build --release

    • Javaサポート: JDK8(バージョン8が必要)をインストールします。 eclipse.jdt.lsのバイナリー・リリースをダウンロードし、それをYouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/third_party/eclipse.jdt.ls/target/repository抽出しYouCompleteMe/third_party/ycmd/third_party/eclipse.jdt.ls/target/repository 注:このアプローチは、ほとんどのユーザーには推奨されず、YCMの上級ユーザーおよび開発者のみがベストエフォート型でサポートされています。 Javaサポートを有効にするには、 install.pyを使用してください。

それでおしまい。 あなたは終わった。 YCMの使い方については、 ユーザーガイドのセクションを参照してください。 Cファミリのセマンティックコンプリートエンジンが機能するようにするには、プロジェクトのコンパイルフラグをYCMに提供する必要があることを忘れないでください。 それはユーザーガイドのすべてです。

YCMにはオプションのための正常なデフォルトが付属していますが、設定のために利用可能なものを見たいかもしれません。 あなたがオンにしたいかもしれないデフォルトで控えめにオフにされているいくつかの興味深いオプションがあります。

クイックフィーチャーの概要

一般(すべての言語)

  • タグファイルと構文要素を含む超高速識別子コンプリータ
  • インテリジェントな提案ランク付けとフィルタリング
  • ファイルとパスの候補
  • VimのOmniFuncからの提案
  • UltiSnipsスニペットの提案

C言語(C、C ++、Objective C、Objective C ++)

  • セマンティック自動補完
  • リアルタイム診断表示
  • インクルード/宣言/定義( GoToなど)に移動します。
  • 識別子の意味型情報( GetType
  • 特定のエラーを自動的に修正する( FixIt
  • 識別子のドキュメントコメントを表示する( GetDoc

C♯

  • Semantic auto-completion
  • Real-time diagnostic display
  • Go to declaration/definition ( GoTo , etc.)
  • Semantic type information for identifiers ( GetType )
  • Automatically fix certain errors ( FixIt )
  • Management of OmniSharp server instance
  • View documentation comments for identifiers ( GetDoc )

Python

  • Intelligent auto-completion
  • Go to declaration/definition, find references ( GoTo , GoToReferences )
  • View documentation comments for identifiers ( GetDoc )
  • Restart JediHTTP server using a different Python interpreter

行こう

  • Semantic auto-completion
  • Go to definition ( GoTo )
  • Management of gocode server instance

タイプスクリプト

  • Semantic auto-completion
  • Real-time diagnostic display
  • Renaming symbols ( RefactorRename <new name> )
  • Go to definition, find references ( GoToDefinition , GoToReferences )
  • Semantic type information for identifiers ( GetType )
  • View documentation comments for identifiers ( GetDoc )

JavaScript

  • Intelligent auto-completion
  • Renaming variables ( RefactorRename <new name> )
  • Go to definition, find references ( GoToDefinition , GoToReferences )
  • Type information for identifiers ( GetType )
  • View documentation comments for identifiers ( GetDoc )
  • Management of Tern server instance

  • Semantic auto-completion
  • Go to definition ( GoTo , GoToDefinition , and GoToDeclaration are identical)
  • Management of racer server instance
  • View documentation comments for identifiers ( GetDoc )

Java

NOTE : Java support is currently experimental. Please let us know your feedback .

  • Semantic auto-completion with automatic import insertion
  • Go to definition ( GoTo , GoToDefinition , and GoToDeclaration are identical)
  • Reference finding ( GoToReferences )
  • Real-time diagnostic display
  • Renaming symbols ( RefactorRename <new name> )
  • View documentation comments for identifiers ( GetDoc )
  • Type information for identifiers ( GetType )
  • Automatically fix certain errors including code generation ( FixIt )
  • Code formatting ( Format )
  • Detection of java projects
  • Management of jdt.ls server instance

ユーザーガイド

一般的な使用法

  • If the offered completions are too broad, keep typing characters; YCM will continue refining the offered completions based on your input.
  • Filtering is “smart-case” sensitive; if you are typing only lowercase letters, then it’s case-insensitive. If your input contains uppercase letters, then the uppercase letters in your query must match uppercase letters in the completion strings (the lowercase letters still match both). So, “foo” matches “Foo” and “foo”, “Foo” matches “Foo” and “FOO” but not “foo”.
  • Use the TAB key to accept a completion and continue pressing TAB to cycle through the completions. Use Shift-TAB to cycle backwards. Note that if you’re using console Vim (that is, not Gvim or MacVim) then it’s likely that the Shift-TAB binding will not work because the console will not pass it to Vim. You can remap the keys; see the Options section below.

Knowing a little bit about how YCM works internally will prevent confusion. YCM has several completion engines: an identifier-based completer that collects all of the identifiers in the current file and other files you visit (and your tags files) and searches them when you type (identifiers are put into per-filetype groups).

There are also several semantic engines in YCM. There’s a libclang-based completer that provides semantic completion for C-family languages. There’s a Jedi-based completer for semantic completion for Python. There’s also an omnifunc-based completer that uses data from Vim’s omnicomplete system to provide semantic completions when no native completer exists for that language in YCM.

There are also other completion engines, like the UltiSnips completer and the filepath completer.

YCM automatically detects which completion engine would be the best in any situation. On occasion, it queries several of them at once, merges the outputs and presents the results to you.

Client-Server Architecture

YCM has a client-server architecture; the Vim part of YCM is only a thin client that talks to the ycmd HTTP+JSON server that has the vast majority of YCM logic and functionality. The server is started and stopped automatically as you start and stop Vim.

Completion String Ranking

The subsequence filter removes any completions that do not match the input, but then the sorting system kicks in. It’s actually very complicated and uses lots of factors, but suffice it to say that “word boundary” (WB) subsequence character matches are “worth” more than non-WB matches. In effect, this means given an input of “gua”, the completion “getUserAccount” would be ranked higher in the list than the “Fooguxa” completion (both of which are subsequence matches). A word-boundary character are all capital characters, characters preceded by an underscore and the first letter character in the completion string.

General Semantic Completion

  • You can use Ctrl+Space to trigger the completion suggestions anywhere, even without a string prefix. This is useful to see which top-level functions are available for use.

C-family Semantic Completion

In order to perform semantic analysis such as code completion, GoTo and diagnostics, YouCompleteMe uses libclang . This is the library version of the clang compiler, sometimes also referred to as llvm. Like any compiler, libclang requires a set of compile flags in order to parse your code. Simply put: If libclang can’t parse your code, YouCompleteMe can’t provide semantic analysis.

There are 2 methods which can be used to provide compile flags to libclang :

Option 1: Use a compilation database

The easiest way to get YCM to compile your code is to use a compilation database. A compilation database is usually generated by your build system (eg CMake ) and contains the compiler invocation for each compilation unit in your project.

For information on how to generate a compilation database, see the clang documentation . 要するに:

  • If using CMake, add -DCMAKE_EXPORT_COMPILE_COMMANDS=ON when configuring (or add set( CMAKE_EXPORT_COMPILE_COMMANDS ON ) to CMakeLists.txt ) and copy or symlink the generated database to the root of your project.
  • If using Ninja, check out the compdb tool ( -t compdb ) in its docs .
  • If using GNU make, check out Bear .
  • For other build systems, check out .ycm_extra_conf.py below.

If no .ycm_extra_conf.py is found, and no ycm_global_ycm_extra_conf is configured, YouCompleteMe automatically tries to load a compilation database if one is found.

YCM looks for a file named compile_commands.json in the directory of the opened file or in any directory above it in the hierarchy (recursively); when the file is found, it is loaded. YouCompleteMe performs the following lookups when extracting flags for a particular file:

  • If the database contains an entry for the file, the flags for that file are used.
  • If the file is a header file and a source file with the same root exists in the database, the flags for the source file are used. For example, if the file is /home/Test/project/src/lib/something.h and the database contains an entry for /home/Test/project/src/lib/something.cc , then the flags for /home/Test/project/src/lib/something.cc are used.
  • Otherwise, if any flags have been returned from the directory containing the requested file, those flags are used. This heuristic is intended to provide potentially working flags for newly created files.

Finally, YCM converts any relative paths in the extracted flags to absolute paths. This ensures that compilation can be performed from any Vim working directory.

Option 2: Provide the flags manually

If you don’t have a compilation database, or aren’t able to generate one, you have to tell YouCompleteMe how to compile your code some other way.

Every c-family project is different. It is not possible for YCM to guess what compiler flags to supply for your project. Fortunately, YCM provides a mechanism for you to generate the flags for a particular file with arbitrary complexity . This is achieved by requiring you to provide a Python module which implements a trival function which, given the file name as argument, returns a list of compiler flags to use to compile that file.

YCM looks for a .ycm_extra_conf.py file in the directory of the opened file or in any directory above it in the hierarchy (recursively); when the file is found, it is loaded (only once!) as a Python module. YCM calls a FlagsForFile method in that module which should provide it with the information necessary to compile the current file. You can also provide a path to a global .ycm_extra_conf.py file, which will be used as a fallback. To prevent the execution of malicious code from a file you didn’t write YCM will ask you once per .ycm_extra_conf.py if it is safe to load. This can be disabled and you can white-/blacklist files. See the Options section for more details.

This system was designed this way so that the user can perform any arbitrary sequence of operations to produce a list of compilation flags YCM should hand to Clang.

NOTE : It is highly recommended to include -x <language> flag to libclang. This is so that the correct language is detected, particularly for header files. Common values are -xc for C, -x c++ for C++ and -x objc for Objective-C.

To give you an impression, if your c++ project is trivial, and your usual compilation command is: g++ -Wall -Wextra -Werror -o FILE.o FILE.cc , then the following .ycm_extra_conf.py is enough to get semantic analysis from YouCompleteMe:

def FlagsForFile( filename, **kwargs ):
  return {
    'flags': [ '-x', 'c++', '-Wall', '-Wextra', '-Werror' ],
  }

As you can see from the trivial example, YCM calls the FlagsForFile method, passing it the file name. The **kwargs is for advanced users and can usually be ignored. The FlagsForFile function returns a dictionary with a single element 'flags' . This element is a list of compiler flags to pass to libclang for the file filename . それでおしまい! This is actually enough for most projects, but for complex projects it is not uncommon to integrate directly with an existing build system using the full power of the Python language.

For a more elaborate example, see YCM’s own .ycm_extra_conf.py . You should be able to use it as a starting point . Don’t just copy/paste that file somewhere and expect things to magically work; your project needs different flags . Hint: just replace the strings in the flags variable with compilation flags necessary for your project. That should be enough for 99% of projects.

You could also consider using YCM-Generator to generate the ycm_extra_conf.py file.

Errors during compilation

If Clang encounters errors when compiling the header files that your file includes, then it’s probably going to take a long time to get completions. When the completion menu finally appears, it’s going to have a large number of unrelated completion strings (type/function names that are not actually members). This is because Clang fails to build a precompiled preamble for your file if there are any errors in the included headers and that preamble is key to getting fast completions.

Call the :YcmDiags command to see if any errors or warnings were detected in your file.

JavaScript Semantic Completion

JavaScript quick start

  1. Ensure that you have enabled the JavaScript completer. See the installation guide for details.

  2. Create a .tern-project file in the root directory of your JavaScript project, by following the instructions in the Tern documentation.

  3. Edit a file from your project.

説明

JavaScript completion is based on Tern . This completion engine requires a file named .tern-project to exist in the current working directory or a directory which is an ancestor of the current working directory when the Tern server is started. YCM starts the Tern server the first time a JavaScript file is edited and uses its directory as the working directory, so the directory of that file at that time needs to be a descendent of the directory containing the .tern-project file (or that directory itself).

Alternatively, as described in the Tern documentation , a global .tern-config file may be used.

Multiple Tern servers are not supported. To switch to a different JavaScript project, you need to restart the Tern server using the RestartServer subcommand while editing a file of that project:

:YcmCompleter RestartServer

ヒントとテクニック

This section contains some advice for configuring .tern-project and working with JavaScript files. The canonical reference for correctly configuring Tern is the Tern documentation . Any issues, improvements, advice, etc. should be sought from the Tern project. For example, see the list of tern plugins for the list of plugins which can be enabled in the plugins section of the .tern-project file.

Configuring Tern for node support

The following simple example .tern-project file enables nodejs support:

{
    "plugins": {
        "node": {}
    }
}
Configuring Tern for requirejs support

The Tern requirejs plugin requires that all included “libraries” are rooted under the same base directory. If that’s not the case for your projects, then it is possible to make it work with appropriate symbolic links. For example, create a directory ext_lib within your project and populate it with symlinks to your libraries. Then set up the .tern-project something like this:

{
  "plugins": {
    "requirejs": {
      "baseURL": "./ext_lib",
    }
  }
}

Then, given the following structure:

./ext_lib/mylib (symlink)
./ext_lib/anotherlib (symlink)

Can be used as follows:

define( [ 'mylib/file1', 'anotherlib/anotherfile' ], function( f1, f2 ) {
    // etc.
} );

Rust Semantic Completion

Completions and GoTo commands within the current crate and its dependencies should work out of the box with no additional configuration (provided that you built YCM with the --rust-completer flag; see the Installation section for details). For semantic analysis inclusive of the standard library, you must have a local copy of the Rust source code . If using rustup , run the following command to download the code:

rustup component add rust-src

YCM will find its location automatically. Otherwise, download the archive, extract it somewhere, and set the following option so YCM can locate it:

" In this example, the Rust source code archive has been extracted to
" /usr/local/rust/rustc-1.20.0
let g:ycm_rust_src_path = '/usr/local/rust/rustc-1.20.0/src'

Python Semantic Completion

Completion and GoTo commands work out of the box with no additional configuration. Those features are provided by the jedi library which supports a variety of Python versions (2.6, 2.7, 3.2+) as long as it runs in the corresponding Python interpreter. By default YCM runs jedi with the same Python interpreter used by the ycmd server , so if you would like to use a different interpreter, use the following option specifying the Python binary to use. For example, to provide Python 3 completion in your project, set:

let g:ycm_python_binary_path = '/usr/bin/python3'

If the value of g:ycm_python_binary_path is an absolute path like above it will be used as-is, but if it’s an executable name it will be searched through the PATH. So for example if you set:

let g:ycm_python_binary_path = 'python'

YCM will use the first python executable it finds in the PATH to run jedi . This means that if you are in a virtual environment and you start vim in that directory, the first python that YCM will find will be the one in the virtual environment, so jedi will be able to provide completions for every package you have in the virtual environment.

Java Semantic Completion

NOTE : Java support is currently experimental. Please let us know your feedback .

Java quick Start

  1. Ensure that you have enabled the Java completer. See the installation guide for details.

  2. Create a project file (gradle or maven) file in the root directory of your Java project, by following the instructions below.

  3. If you previously used Eclim or Syntastic for Java, disable them for Java.

  4. Edit a Java file from your project.

For the best experience, we highly recommend at least Vim 8.0.1493 when using Java support with YouCompleteMe.

Java Project Files

In order to provide semantic analysis, the Java completion engine requires knowledge of your project structure. In particular it needs to know the class path to use, when compiling your code. Fortunately jdt.ls supports eclipse project files , maven projects and gradle projects .

NOTE: Our recommendation is to use either maven or gradle projects.

Diagnostic display – Syntastic

The native support for Java includes YCM’s native realtime diagnostics display. This can conflict with other dianostics plugins like Syntastic, so when enabling Java support, please manually disable Syntastic Java diagnostics .

Add the following to your vimrc :

let g:syntastic_java_checkers = []

Diagnostic display – Eclim

The native support for Java includes YCM’s native realtime diagnostics display. This can conflict with other dianostics plugins like Eclim, so when enabling Java support, please manually disable Eclim Java diagnostics .

Add the following to your vimrc :

let g:EclimFileTypeValidate = 0

NOTE : We recommend disabling Eclim entirely when editing Java with YCM’s native Java support. This can be done temporarily with :EclimDisable .

Eclipse Projects

Eclipse style projects require two files: .project and .classpath .

If your project already has these files due to previously being set up within eclipse, then no setup is required. jdt.ls should load the project just fine (it’s basically eclipse after all).

However, if not, it is possible (easy in fact) to craft them manually, though it is not recommended. You’re better off using gradle or maven (see below).

A simple eclipse style project example can be found in the ycmd test dir. Normally all that is required is to copy these files to the root of your project and to edit the .classpath to add additional libraries, such as:

  <classpathentry kind="lib" path="/path/to/external/jar" />
  <classpathentry kind="lib" path="/path/to/external/java/source" />

It may also be necessary to change the directory in which your source files are located (paths are relative to the .project file itself):

  <classpathentry kind="src" output="target/classes" path="path/to/src/" />

NOTE : The eclipse project and classpath files are not a public interface and it is highly recommended to use Maven or Gradle project definitions if you don’t already use eclipse to manage your projects.

Mavenプロジェクト

Maven needs a file named pom.xml in the root of the project. Once again a simple pom.xml can be found in ycmd source.

The format of pom.xml files is way beyond the scope of this document, but we do recommend using the various tools that can generate them for you, if you’re not familiar with them already.

Gradle Projecs

Gradle projects require a build.gradle . Again, there is a trivial example in ycmd’s tests .

The format of build.gradle files is way beyond the scope of this document, but we do recommend using the various tools that can generate them for you, if you’re not familiar with them already.

トラブルシューティング

If you’re not getting completions or diagnostics, check the server health:

  • The Java completion engine takes a while to start up and parse your project. You should be able to see its progress in the command line, and :YcmDebugInfo . Ensure that the following lines are present:
--   jdt.ls Java Language Server running
--   jdt.ls Java Language Server Startup Status: Ready
  • If the above lines don’t appear after a few minutes, check the jdt.ls and ycmd log files using :YcmToggleLogs . The jdt.ls log file is called .log (for some reason).

If you get a message about “classpath is incomplete”, then make sure you have correctly configured the project files .

If you get messages about unresolved imports, then make sure you have correctly configured the project files , in particular check that the classpath is set correctly.

For anything else, contact us . Java support is experimental at present so we’d love to hear your feedback! Please do remember to check CONTRIBUTING.md for the list of diagnostics we’ll need.

Semantic Completion for Other Languages

C-family, C#, Go, Java, JavaScript, Python, Rust, and TypeScript languages are supported natively by YouCompleteMe using the Clang , OmniSharp , Gocode / Godef , jdt.ls , Tern , Jedi , racer , and TSServer engines, respectively. Check the installation section for instructions to enable these features if desired.

YCM will use your omnifunc (see :h omnifunc in Vim) as a source for semantic completions if it does not have a native semantic completion engine for your file’s filetype. Vim comes with okayish omnifuncs for various languages like Ruby, PHP, etc. It depends on the language.

You can get a stellar omnifunc for Ruby with Eclim . Just make sure you have the latest Eclim installed and configured (this means Eclim >= 2.2.* and Eclipse >= 4.2.* ).

After installing Eclim remember to create a new Eclipse project within your application by typing :ProjectCreate <path-to-your-project> -n ruby inside vim and don’t forget to have let g:EclimCompletionMethod = 'omnifunc' in your vimrc. This will make YCM and Eclim play nice; YCM will use Eclim’s omnifuncs as the data source for semantic completions and provide the auto-triggering and subsequence-based matching (and other YCM features) on top of it.

Writing New Semantic Completers

You have two options here: writing an omnifunc for Vim’s omnicomplete system that YCM will then use through its omni-completer, or a custom completer for YCM using the Completer API .

Here are the differences between the two approaches:

  • You have to use VimScript to write the omnifunc, but get to use Python to write for the Completer API; this by itself should make you want to use the API.
  • The Completer API is a much more powerful way to integrate with YCM and it provides a wider set of features. For instance, you can make your Completer query your semantic back-end in an asynchronous fashion, thus not blocking Vim’s GUI thread while your completion system is processing stuff. This is impossible with VimScript. All of YCM’s completers use the Completer API.
  • Performance with the Completer API is better since Python executes faster than VimScript.

If you want to use the omnifunc system, see the relevant Vim docs with :h complete-functions . For the Completer API, see the API docs .

If you want to upstream your completer into YCM’s source, you should use the Completer API.

Diagnostic Display

YCM will display diagnostic notifications for C-family and C# languages if you compiled YCM with Clang and Omnisharp support, respectively. Diagnostics will also be displayed for TypeScript. Since YCM continuously recompiles your file as you type, you’ll get notified of errors and warnings in your file as fast as possible.

Here are the various pieces of the diagnostic UI:

  • Icons show up in the Vim gutter on lines that have a diagnostic.
  • Regions of text related to diagnostics are highlighted (by default, a red wavy underline in gvim and a red background in vim ).
  • Moving the cursor to a line with a diagnostic echoes the diagnostic text.
  • Vim’s location list is automatically populated with diagnostic data (off by default, see options).

The new diagnostics (if any) will be displayed the next time you press any key on the keyboard. So if you stop typing and just wait for the new diagnostics to come in, that will not work . You need to press some key for the GUI to update.

Having to press a key to get the updates is unfortunate, but cannot be changed due to the way Vim internals operate; there is no way that a background task can update Vim’s GUI after it has finished running. You have to press a key. This will make YCM check for any pending diagnostics updates.

You can force a full, blocking compilation cycle with the :YcmForceCompileAndDiagnostics command (you may want to map that command to a key; try putting nnoremap <F5> :YcmForceCompileAndDiagnostics<CR> in your vimrc). Calling this command will force YCM to immediately recompile your file and display any new diagnostics it encounters. Do note that recompilation with this command may take a while and during this time the Vim GUI will be blocked.

YCM will display a short diagnostic message when you move your cursor to the line with the error. You can get a detailed diagnostic message with the <leader>d key mapping (can be changed in the options) YCM provides when your cursor is on the line with the diagnostic.

You can also see the full diagnostic message for all the diagnostics in the current file in Vim’s locationlist , which can be opened with the :lopen and :lclose commands (make sure you have set let g:ycm_always_populate_location_list = 1 in your vimrc). A good way to toggle the display of the locationlist with a single key mapping is provided by another (very small) Vim plugin called ListToggle (which also makes it possible to change the height of the locationlist window), also written by yours truly.

Diagnostic Highlighting Groups

You can change the styling for the highlighting groups YCM uses. For the signs in the Vim gutter, the relevant groups are:

  • YcmErrorSign , which falls back to group SyntasticErrorSign and then error if they exist
  • YcmWarningSign , which falls back to group SyntasticWarningSign and then todo if they exist

You can also style the line that has the warning/error with these groups:

  • YcmErrorLine , which falls back to group SyntasticErrorLine if it exists
  • YcmWarningLine , which falls back to group SyntasticWarningLine if it exists

Note that the line highlighting groups only work when gutter signs are turned on.

The syntax groups used to highlight regions of text with errors/warnings:

  • YcmErrorSection , which falls back to group SyntasticError if it exists and then SpellBad
  • YcmWarningSection , which falls back to group SyntasticWarning if it exists and then SpellCap

Here’s how you’d change the style for a group:

highlight YcmErrorLine guibg=#3f0000

コマンド

The :YcmRestartServer command

If the ycmd completion server suddenly stops for some reason, you can restart it with this command.

The :YcmForceCompileAndDiagnostics command

Calling this command will force YCM to immediately recompile your file and display any new diagnostics it encounters. Do note that recompilation with this command may take a while and during this time the Vim GUI will be blocked.

You may want to map this command to a key; try putting nnoremap <F5> :YcmForceCompileAndDiagnostics<CR> in your vimrc.

The :YcmDiags command

Calling this command will fill Vim’s locationlist with errors or warnings if any were detected in your file and then open it. If a given error or warning can be fixed by a call to :YcmCompleter FixIt , then (FixIt available) is appended to the error or warning text. See the FixIt completer subcommand for more information.

NOTE: The absense of (FixIt available) does not strictly imply a fix-it is not available as not all completers are able to provide this indication. For example, the c-sharp completer provides many fix-its but does not add this additional indication.

The g:ycm_open_loclist_on_ycm_diags option can be used to prevent the location list from opening, but still have it filled with new diagnostic data. See the Options section for details.

The :YcmShowDetailedDiagnostic command

This command shows the full diagnostic text when the user’s cursor is on the line with the diagnostic.

The :YcmDebugInfo command

This will print out various debug information for the current file. Useful to see what compile commands will be used for the file if you’re using the semantic completion engine.

The :YcmToggleLogs command

This command presents the list of logfiles created by YCM, the ycmd server , and the semantic engine server for the current filetype, if any. One of these logfiles can be opened in the editor (or closed if already open) by entering the corresponding number or by clicking on it with the mouse. Additionally, this command can take the logfile names as arguments. Use the <TAB> key (or any other key defined by the wildchar option) to complete the arguments or to cycle through them (depending on the value of the wildmode option). Each logfile given as an argument is directly opened (or closed if already open) in the editor. Only for debugging purposes.

The :YcmCompleter command

This command gives access to a number of additional IDE-like features in YCM, for things like semantic GoTo, type information, FixIt and refactoring.

Technically the command invokes completer-specific commands. If the first argument is of the form ft=... the completer for that file type will be used (for example ft=cpp ), else the native completer of the current buffer will be used.

This command also accepts a range that can either be specified through a selection in one of Vim’s visual modes (see :h visual-use ) or on the command line. For instance, :2,5YcmCompleter will apply the command from line 2 to line 5. This is useful for the Format subcommand .

Call YcmCompleter without further arguments for a list of the commands you can call for the current completer.

See the file type feature summary for an overview of the features available for each file type. See the YcmCompleter subcommands section for more information on the available subcommands and their usage.

YcmCompleter Subcommands

NOTE: See the docs for the YcmCompleter command before tackling this section.

The invoked subcommand is automatically routed to the currently active semantic completer, so :YcmCompleter GoToDefinition will invoke the GoToDefinition subcommand on the Python semantic completer if the currently active file is a Python one and on the Clang completer if the currently active file is a C/C++/Objective-C one.

You may also want to map the subcommands to something less verbose; for instance, nnoremap <leader>jd :YcmCompleter GoTo<CR> maps the <leader>jd sequence to the longer subcommand invocation.

GoTo Commands

These commands are useful for jumping around and exploring code. When moving the cursor, the subcommands add entries to Vim’s jumplist so you can use CTRL-O to jump back to where you were before invoking the command (and CTRL-I to jump forward; see :h jumplist for details). If there is more than one destination, the quickfix list (see :h quickfix ) is populated with the available locations and opened to full width at the bottom of the screen. You can change this behavior by using the YcmQuickFixOpened autocommand .

The GoToInclude subcommand

Looks up the current line for a header and jumps to it.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp

The GoToDeclaration subcommand

Looks up the symbol under the cursor and jumps to its declaration.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp, cs, go, python, rust, java

The GoToDefinition subcommand

Looks up the symbol under the cursor and jumps to its definition.

NOTE: For C-family languages this only works in certain situations , namely when the definition of the symbol is in the current translation unit. A translation unit consists of the file you are editing and all the files you are including with #include directives (directly or indirectly) in that file.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp, cs, go, javascript, python, rust, typescript, java

The GoTo subcommand

This command tries to perform the “most sensible” GoTo operation it can. Currently, this means that it tries to look up the symbol under the cursor and jumps to its definition if possible; if the definition is not accessible from the current translation unit, jumps to the symbol’s declaration. For C/C++/Objective-C, it first tries to look up the current line for a header and jump to it. For C#, implementations are also considered and preferred.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp, cs, go, javascript, python, rust, java

The GoToImprecise subcommand

WARNING: This command trades correctness for speed!

Same as the GoTo command except that it doesn’t recompile the file with libclang before looking up nodes in the AST. This can be very useful when you’re editing files that take long to compile but you know that you haven’t made any changes since the last parse that would lead to incorrect jumps. When you’re just browsing around your codebase, this command can spare you quite a bit of latency.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp

The GoToReferences subcommand

This command attempts to find all of the references within the project to the identifier under the cursor and populates the quickfix list with those locations.

Supported in filetypes: javascript, python, typescript, java

The GoToImplementation subcommand

Looks up the symbol under the cursor and jumps to its implementation (ie non-interface). If there are multiple implementations, instead provides a list of implementations to choose from.

Supported in filetypes: cs, java

The GoToImplementationElseDeclaration subcommand

Looks up the symbol under the cursor and jumps to its implementation if one, else jump to its declaration. If there are multiple implementations, instead provides a list of implementations to choose from.

Supported in filetypes: cs

Semantic Information Commands

These commands are useful for finding static information about the code, such as the types of variables, viewing declarations and documentation strings.

The GetType subcommand

Echos the type of the variable or method under the cursor, and where it differs, the derived type.

例えば:

    std::string s;

Invoking this command on s returns std::string => std::basic_string<char>

NOTE: Causes re-parsing of the current translation unit.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp, javascript, typescript, java

The GetTypeImprecise subcommand

WARNING: This command trades correctness for speed!

Same as the GetType command except that it doesn’t recompile the file with libclang before looking up nodes in the AST. This can be very useful when you’re editing files that take long to compile but you know that you haven’t made any changes since the last parse that would lead to incorrect type. When you’re just browsing around your codebase, this command can spare you quite a bit of latency.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp

The GetParent subcommand

Echos the semantic parent of the point under the cursor.

The semantic parent is the item that semantically contains the given position.

例えば:

class C {
    void f();
};

void C::f() {

}

In the out-of-line definition of C::f , the semantic parent is the class C , of which this function is a member.

In the example above, both declarations of C::f have C as their semantic context, while the lexical context of the first C::f is C and the lexical context of the second C::f is the translation unit.

For global declarations, the semantic parent is the translation unit.

NOTE: Causes re-parsing of the current translation unit.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp

The GetDoc subcommand

Displays the preview window populated with quick info about the identifier under the cursor. Depending on the file type, this includes things like:

  • The type or declaration of identifier,
  • Doxygen/javadoc comments,
  • Python docstrings,

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp, cs, python, typescript, javascript, rust, java

The GetDocImprecise subcommand

WARNING: This command trades correctness for speed!

Same as the GetDoc command except that it doesn’t recompile the file with libclang before looking up nodes in the AST. This can be very useful when you’re editing files that take long to compile but you know that you haven’t made any changes since the last parse that would lead to incorrect docs. When you’re just browsing around your codebase, this command can spare you quite a bit of latency.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp

Refactoring Commands

These commands make changes to your source code in order to perform refactoring or code correction. YouCompleteMe does not perform any action which cannot be undone, and never saves or writes files to the disk.

The FixIt subcommand

Where available, attempts to make changes to the buffer to correct diagnostics on the current line. Where multiple suggestions are available (such as when there are multiple ways to resolve a given warning, or where multiple diagnostics are reported for the current line), the options are presented and one can be selected.

Completers which provide diagnostics may also provide trivial modifications to the source in order to correct the diagnostic. Examples include syntax errors such as missing trailing semi-colons, spurious characters, or other errors which the semantic engine can deterministically suggest corrections.

If no fix-it is available for the current line, or there is no diagnostic on the current line, this command has no effect on the current buffer. If any modifications are made, the number of changes made to the buffer is echo’d and the user may use the editor’s undo command to revert.

When a diagnostic is available, and g:ycm_echo_current_diagnostic is set to 1, then the text (FixIt) is appended to the echo’d diagnostic when the completer is able to add this indication. The text (FixIt available) is also appended to the diagnostic text in the output of the :YcmDiags command for any diagnostics with available fix-its (where the completer can provide this indication).

NOTE: Causes re-parsing of the current translation unit.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp, cs, java

The RefactorRename <new name> subcommand

In supported file types, this command attempts to perform a semantic rename of the identifier under the cursor. This includes renaming declarations, definitions and usages of the identifier, or any other language-appropriate action. The specific behavior is defined by the semantic engine in use.

Similar to FixIt , this command applies automatic modifications to your source files. Rename operations may involve changes to multiple files, which may or may not be open in Vim buffers at the time. YouCompleteMe handles all of this for you. The behavior is described in the following section .

Supported in filetypes: javascript (variables only), typescript, java

Multi-file Refactor

When a Refactor or FixIt command touches multiple files, YouCompleteMe attempts to apply those modifications to any existing open, visible buffer in the current tab. If no such buffer can be found, YouCompleteMe opens the file in a new small horizontal split at the top of the current window, applies the change, and then hides the window. NOTE: The buffer remains open, and must be manually saved. A confirmation dialog is opened prior to doing this to remind you that this is about to happen.

Once the modifications have been made, the quickfix list (see :help quickfix ) is populated with the locations of all modifications. This can be used to review all automatic changes made by using :copen . Typically, use the CTRL-W <enter> combination to open the selected file in a new split. It is possible to customize how the quickfix window is opened by using the YcmQuickFixOpened autocommand .

The buffers are not saved automatically. That is, you must save the modified buffers manually after reviewing the changes from the quickfix list. Changes can be undone using Vim’s powerful undo features (see :help undo ). Note that Vim’s undo is per-buffer, so to undo all changes, the undo commands must be applied in each modified buffer separately.

NOTE: While applying modifications, Vim may find files which are already open and have a swap file. The command is aborted if you select Abort or Quit in any such prompts. This leaves the Refactor operation partially complete and must be manually corrected using Vim’s undo features. The quickfix list is not populated in this case. Inspect :buffers or equivalent (see :help buffers ) to see the buffers that were opened by the command.

The Format subcommand

This commands formats the whole buffer or some part of it according to the value of the Vim options shiftwidth and expandtab (see :h 'sw' and :h et respectively). To format a specific part of your document, you can either select it in one of Vim’s visual modes (see :h visual-use ) and run the command or directly enter the range on the command line, eg :2,5YcmCompleter Format to format it from line 2 to line 5.

Supported in filetypes: java

その他のコマンド

These commands are for general administration, rather than IDE-like features. They cover things like the semantic engine server instance and compilation flags.

The RestartServer subcommand

Restarts the semantic-engine-as-localhost-server for those semantic engines that work as separate servers that YCM talks to.

Use this subcommand while editing a file from a JavaScript project to switch to that project.

An additional optional argument may be supplied for Python, specifying the python binary to use to restart the Python semantic engine.

:YcmCompleter RestartServer /usr/bin/python3.4

Supported in filetypes: cs, go, javascript, python, rust, typescript, java

The ClearCompilationFlagCache subcommand

YCM caches the flags it gets from the FlagsForFile function in your ycm_extra_conf.py file unless you return them with the do_cache parameter set to False . It also caches the flags extracted from the compilation database. The cache is in memory and is never invalidated (unless you restart the server with the :YcmRestartServer command).

This command clears that cache entirely. YCM will then re-query your FlagsForFile function or your compilation database as needed in the future.

Supported in filetypes: c, cpp, objc, objcpp

The ReloadSolution subcommand

Instruct the Omnisharp server to clear its cache and reload all files from disk. This is useful when files are added, removed, or renamed in the solution, files are changed outside of Vim, or whenever Omnisharp cache is out-of-sync.

Supported in filetypes: cs

機能

The youcompleteme#GetErrorCount function

Get the number of YCM Diagnostic errors. If no errors are present, this function returns 0.

例えば:

  call youcompleteme#GetErrorCount()

Both this function and youcompleteme#GetWarningCount can be useful when integrating YCM with other Vim plugins. For example, a lightline user could add a diagnostics section to their statusline which would display the number of errors and warnings.

The youcompleteme#GetWarningCount function

Get the number of YCM Diagnostic warnings. If no warnings are present, this function returns 0.

例えば:

  call youcompleteme#GetWarningCount()

Autocommands

The YcmLocationOpened autocommand

This User autocommand is fired when YCM opens the location list window in response to the YcmDiags command. By default, the location list window is opened to the bottom of the current window and its height is set to fit all entries. This behavior can be overridden by using the YcmLocationOpened autocommand which is triggered while the cursor is in the location list window. 例えば:

function! s:CustomizeYcmLocationWindow()
  " Move the window to the top of the screen.
  wincmd K
  " Set the window height to 5.
  5wincmd _
  " Switch back to working window.
  wincmd p
endfunction

autocmd User YcmLocationOpened call s:CustomizeYcmLocationWindow()

The YcmQuickFixOpened autocommand

This User autocommand is fired when YCM opens the quickfix window in response to the GoTo* and RefactorRename subcommands. By default, the quickfix window is opened to full width at the bottom of the screen and its height is set to fit all entries. This behavior can be overridden by using the YcmQuickFixOpened autocommand which is triggered while the cursor is in the quickfix window. 例えば:

function! s:CustomizeYcmQuickFixWindow()
  " Move the window to the top of the screen.
  wincmd K
  " Set the window height to 5.
  5wincmd _
endfunction

autocmd User YcmQuickFixOpened call s:CustomizeYcmQuickFixWindow()

オプション

All options have reasonable defaults so if the plug-in works after installation you don’t need to change any options. These options can be configured in your vimrc script by including a line like this:

let g:ycm_min_num_of_chars_for_completion = 1

Note that after changing an option in your vimrc script you have to restart Vim for the changes to take effect.

The g:ycm_min_num_of_chars_for_completion option

This option controls the number of characters the user needs to type before identifier-based completion suggestions are triggered. For example, if the option is set to 2 , then when the user types a second alphanumeric character after a whitespace character, completion suggestions will be triggered. This option is NOT used for semantic completion.

Setting this option to a high number like 99 effectively turns off the identifier completion engine and just leaves the semantic engine.

Default: 2

let g:ycm_min_num_of_chars_for_completion = 2

The g:ycm_min_num_identifier_candidate_chars option

This option controls the minimum number of characters that a completion candidate coming from the identifier completer must have to be shown in the popup menu.

A special value of 0 means there is no limit.

NOTE: This option only applies to the identifier completer; it has no effect on the various semantic completers.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_min_num_identifier_candidate_chars = 0

The g:ycm_max_num_candidates option

This option controls the maximum number of semantic completion suggestions shown in the completion menu. This only applies to suggestions from semantic completion engines; see the g:ycm_max_identifier_candidates option to limit the number of suggestions from the identifier-based engine.

A special value of 0 means there is no limit.

NOTE: Setting this option to 0 or to a value greater than 100 is not recommended as it will slow down completion when there are a very large number of suggestions.

デフォルト: 50

let g:ycm_max_num_candidates = 50

The g:ycm_max_num_identifier_candidates option

This option controls the maximum number of completion suggestions from the identifier-based engine shown in the completion menu.

A special value of 0 means there is no limit.

NOTE: Setting this option to 0 or to a value greater than 100 is not recommended as it will slow down completion when there are a very large number of suggestions.

Default: 10

let g:ycm_max_num_identifier_candidates = 10

The g:ycm_auto_trigger option

When set to 0 , this option turns off YCM’s identifier completer (the as-you-type popup) and the semantic triggers (the popup you’d get after typing . or -> in say C++). You can still force semantic completion with the <C-Space> shortcut.

If you want to just turn off the identifier completer but keep the semantic triggers, you should set g:ycm_min_num_of_chars_for_completion to a high number like 99 .

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_auto_trigger = 1

The g:ycm_filetype_whitelist option

This option controls for which Vim filetypes (see :h filetype ) should YCM be turned on. The option value should be a Vim dictionary with keys being filetype strings (like python , cpp etc) and values being unimportant (the dictionary is used like a hash set, meaning that only the keys matter).

The * key is special and matches all filetypes. By default, the whitelist contains only this * key.

YCM also has a g:ycm_filetype_blacklist option that lists filetypes for which YCM shouldn’t be turned on. YCM will work only in filetypes that both the whitelist and the blacklist allow (the blacklist “allows” a filetype by not having it as a key).

For example, let’s assume you want YCM to work in files with the cpp filetype. The filetype should then be present in the whitelist either directly ( cpp key in the whitelist) or indirectly through the special * key. It should not be present in the blacklist.

Filetypes that are blocked by the either of the lists will be completely ignored by YCM, meaning that neither the identifier-based completion engine nor the semantic engine will operate in them.

You can get the filetype of the current file in Vim with :set ft?

Default: {'*' : 1}

let g:ycm_filetype_whitelist = { '*': 1 }

The g:ycm_filetype_blacklist option

This option controls for which Vim filetypes (see :h filetype ) should YCM be turned off. The option value should be a Vim dictionary with keys being filetype strings (like python , cpp etc) and values being unimportant (the dictionary is used like a hash set, meaning that only the keys matter).

See the g:ycm_filetype_whitelist option for more details on how this works.

Default: [see next line]

let g:ycm_filetype_blacklist = {
      \ 'tagbar' : 1,
      \ 'qf' : 1,
      \ 'notes' : 1,
      \ 'markdown' : 1,
      \ 'unite' : 1,
      \ 'text' : 1,
      \ 'vimwiki' : 1,
      \ 'pandoc' : 1,
      \ 'infolog' : 1,
      \ 'mail' : 1
      \}

The g:ycm_filetype_specific_completion_to_disable option

This option controls for which Vim filetypes (see :h filetype ) should the YCM semantic completion engine be turned off. The option value should be a Vim dictionary with keys being filetype strings (like python , cpp etc) and values being unimportant (the dictionary is used like a hash set, meaning that only the keys matter). The listed filetypes will be ignored by the YCM semantic completion engine, but the identifier-based completion engine will still trigger in files of those filetypes.

Note that even if semantic completion is not turned off for a specific filetype, you will not get semantic completion if the semantic engine does not support that filetype.

You can get the filetype of the current file in Vim with :set ft?

Default: [see next line]

let g:ycm_filetype_specific_completion_to_disable = {
      \ 'gitcommit': 1
      \}

The g:ycm_show_diagnostics_ui option

When set, this option turns on YCM’s diagnostic display features. See the Diagnostic display section in the User Manual for more details.

Specific parts of the diagnostics UI (like the gutter signs, text highlighting, diagnostic echo and auto location list population) can be individually turned on or off. See the other options below for details.

Note that YCM’s diagnostics UI is only supported for C-family languages.

When set, this option also makes YCM remove all Syntastic checkers set for the c , cpp , objc and objcpp filetypes since this would conflict with YCM’s own diagnostics UI.

If you’re using YCM’s identifier completer in C-family languages but cannot use the clang-based semantic completer for those languages and want to use the GCC Syntastic checkers, unset this option.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_show_diagnostics_ui = 1

The g:ycm_error_symbol option

YCM will use the value of this option as the symbol for errors in the Vim gutter.

This option is part of the Syntastic compatibility layer; if the option is not set, YCM will fall back to the value of the g:syntastic_error_symbol option before using this option’s default.

Default: >>

let g:ycm_error_symbol = '>>'

The g:ycm_warning_symbol option

YCM will use the value of this option as the symbol for warnings in the Vim gutter.

This option is part of the Syntastic compatibility layer; if the option is not set, YCM will fall back to the value of the g:syntastic_warning_symbol option before using this option’s default.

Default: >>

let g:ycm_warning_symbol = '>>'

The g:ycm_enable_diagnostic_signs option

When this option is set, YCM will put icons in Vim’s gutter on lines that have a diagnostic set. Turning this off will also turn off the YcmErrorLine and YcmWarningLine highlighting.

This option is part of the Syntastic compatibility layer; if the option is not set, YCM will fall back to the value of the g:syntastic_enable_signs option before using this option’s default.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_enable_diagnostic_signs = 1

The g:ycm_enable_diagnostic_highlighting option

When this option is set, YCM will highlight regions of text that are related to the diagnostic that is present on a line, if any.

This option is part of the Syntastic compatibility layer; if the option is not set, YCM will fall back to the value of the g:syntastic_enable_highlighting option before using this option’s default.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_enable_diagnostic_highlighting = 1

The g:ycm_echo_current_diagnostic option

When this option is set, YCM will echo the text of the diagnostic present on the current line when you move your cursor to that line. If a FixIt is available for the current diagnostic, then (FixIt) is appended.

This option is part of the Syntastic compatibility layer; if the option is not set, YCM will fall back to the value of the g:syntastic_echo_current_error option before using this option’s default.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_echo_current_diagnostic = 1

The g:ycm_filter_diagnostics option

This option controls which diagnostics will be rendered by YCM. This option holds a dictionary of key-values, where the keys are Vim’s filetype strings delimited by commas and values are dictionaries describing the filter.

A filter is a dictionary of key-values, where the keys are the type of filter, and the value is a list of arguments to that filter. In the case of just a single item in the list, you may omit the brackets and just provide the argument directly. If any filter matches a diagnostic, it will be dropped and YCM will not render it.

The following filter types are supported:

  • “regex”: Accepts a string regular expression . This type matches when the regex (treated as case-insensitive) is found in the diagnostic text.
  • “level”: Accepts a string level, either “warning” or “error.” This type matches when the diagnostic has the same level.

NOTE: The regex syntax is NOT Vim’s, it’s Python’s .

デフォルト: {}

let g:ycm_filter_diagnostics = {
  \ "java": {
  \      "regex": [ ".*taco.*", ... ],
  \      "level": "error",
  \      ...
  \    }
  \ }

The g:ycm_always_populate_location_list option

When this option is set, YCM will populate the location list automatically every time it gets new diagnostic data. This option is off by default so as not to interfere with other data you might have placed in the location list.

See :help location-list in Vim to learn more about the location list.

This option is part of the Syntastic compatibility layer; if the option is not set, YCM will fall back to the value of the g:syntastic_always_populate_loc_list option before using this option’s default.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_always_populate_location_list = 0

The g:ycm_open_loclist_on_ycm_diags option

When this option is set, :YcmDiags will automatically open the location list after forcing a compilation and filling the list with diagnostic data.

See :help location-list in Vim to learn more about the location list.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_open_loclist_on_ycm_diags = 1

The g:ycm_complete_in_comments option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM will show the completion menu even when typing inside comments.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_complete_in_comments = 0

The g:ycm_complete_in_strings option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM will show the completion menu even when typing inside strings.

Note that this is turned on by default so that you can use the filename completion inside strings. This is very useful for instance in C-family files where typing #include " will trigger the start of filename completion. If you turn off this option, you will turn off filename completion in such situations as well.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_complete_in_strings = 1

The g:ycm_collect_identifiers_from_comments_and_strings option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM’s identifier completer will also collect identifiers from strings and comments. Otherwise, the text in comments and strings will be ignored.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_collect_identifiers_from_comments_and_strings = 0

The g:ycm_collect_identifiers_from_tags_files option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM’s identifier completer will also collect identifiers from tags files. The list of tags files to examine is retrieved from the tagfiles() Vim function which examines the tags Vim option. See :h 'tags' for details.

YCM will re-index your tags files if it detects that they have been modified.

The only supported tag format is the Exuberant Ctags format . The format from “plain” ctags is NOT supported. Ctags needs to be called with the --fields=+l option (that’s a lowercase L , not a one) because YCM needs the language:<lang> field in the tags output.

See the FAQ for pointers if YCM does not appear to read your tag files.

This option is off by default because it makes Vim slower if your tags are on a network directory.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_collect_identifiers_from_tags_files = 0

The g:ycm_seed_identifiers_with_syntax option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM’s identifier completer will seed its identifier database with the keywords of the programming language you’re writing.

Since the keywords are extracted from the Vim syntax file for the filetype, all keywords may not be collected, depending on how the syntax file was written. Usually at least 95% of the keywords are successfully extracted.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_seed_identifiers_with_syntax = 0

The g:ycm_extra_conf_vim_data option

If you’re using semantic completion for C-family files, this option might come handy; it’s a way of sending data from Vim to your FlagsForFile function in your .ycm_extra_conf.py file.

This option is supposed to be a list of VimScript expression strings that are evaluated for every request to the ycmd server and then passed to your FlagsForFile function as a client_data keyword argument.

For instance, if you set this option to ['v:version'] , your FlagsForFile function will be called like this:

# The '704' value is of course contingent on Vim 7.4; in 7.3 it would be '703'
FlagsForFile(filename, client_data = {'v:version': 704})

So the client_data parameter is a dictionary mapping Vim expression strings to their values at the time of the request.

The correct way to define parameters for your FlagsForFile function:

def FlagsForFile(filename, **kwargs):

You can then get to client_data with kwargs['client_data'] .

デフォルト: []

let g:ycm_extra_conf_vim_data = []

The g:ycm_server_python_interpreter option

YCM will by default search for an appropriate Python interpreter on your system. You can use this option to override that behavior and force the use of a specific interpreter of your choosing.

NOTE: This interpreter is only used for the ycmd server . The YCM client running inside Vim always uses the Python interpreter that’s embedded inside Vim.

Default: ''

let g:ycm_server_python_interpreter = ''

The g:ycm_keep_logfiles option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM and the ycmd completion server will keep the logfiles around after shutting down (they are deleted on shutdown by default).

To see where the logfiles are, call :YcmDebugInfo .

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_keep_logfiles = 0

The g:ycm_log_level option

The logging level that YCM and the ycmd completion server use. Valid values are the following, from most verbose to least verbose:

  • debug
  • info
  • warning
  • error
  • critical

Note that debug is very verbose.

Default: info

let g:ycm_log_level = 'info'

The g:ycm_auto_start_csharp_server option

When set to 1 , the OmniSharp server will be automatically started (once per Vim session) when you open a C# file.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_auto_start_csharp_server = 1

The g:ycm_auto_stop_csharp_server option

When set to 1 , the OmniSharp server will be automatically stopped upon closing Vim.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_auto_stop_csharp_server = 1

The g:ycm_csharp_server_port option

When g:ycm_auto_start_csharp_server is set to 1 , specifies the port for the OmniSharp server to listen on. When set to 0 uses an unused port provided by the OS.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_csharp_server_port = 0

The g:ycm_csharp_insert_namespace_expr option

By default, when YCM inserts a namespace, it will insert the using statement under the nearest using statement. You may prefer that the using statement is inserted somewhere, for example, to preserve sorting. If so, you can set this option to override this behavior.

When this option is set, instead of inserting the using statement itself, YCM will set the global variable g:ycm_namespace_to_insert to the namespace to insert, and then evaluate this option’s value as an expression. The option’s expression is responsible for inserting the namespace – the default insertion will not occur.

Default: ”

let g:ycm_csharp_insert_namespace_expr = ''

The g:ycm_add_preview_to_completeopt option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM will add the preview string to Vim’s completeopt option (see :h completeopt ). If your completeopt option already has preview set, there will be no effect. You can see the current state of your completeopt setting with :set completeopt? (yes, the question mark is important).

When preview is present in completeopt , YCM will use the preview window at the top of the file to store detailed information about the current completion candidate (but only if the candidate came from the semantic engine). For instance, it would show the full function prototype and all the function overloads in the window if the current completion is a function name.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_add_preview_to_completeopt = 0

The g:ycm_autoclose_preview_window_after_completion option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM will auto-close the preview window after the user accepts the offered completion string. If there is no preview window triggered because there is no preview string in completeopt , this option is irrelevant. See the g:ycm_add_preview_to_completeopt option for more details.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_autoclose_preview_window_after_completion = 0

The g:ycm_autoclose_preview_window_after_insertion option

When this option is set to 1 , YCM will auto-close the preview window after the user leaves insert mode. This option is irrelevant if g:ycm_autoclose_preview_window_after_completion is set or if no preview window is triggered. See the g:ycm_add_preview_to_completeopt option for more details.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_autoclose_preview_window_after_insertion = 0

The g:ycm_max_diagnostics_to_display option

This option controls the maximum number of diagnostics shown to the user when errors or warnings are detected in the file. This option is only relevant if you are using the C-family semantic completion engine.

デフォルト: 30

let g:ycm_max_diagnostics_to_display = 30

The g:ycm_key_list_select_completion option

This option controls the key mappings used to select the first completion string. Invoking any of them repeatedly cycles forward through the completion list.

Some users like adding <Enter> to this list.

Default: ['<TAB>', '<Down>']

let g:ycm_key_list_select_completion = ['<TAB>', '<Down>']

The g:ycm_key_list_previous_completion option

This option controls the key mappings used to select the previous completion string. Invoking any of them repeatedly cycles backwards through the completion list.

Note that one of the defaults is <S-TAB> which means Shift-TAB. That mapping will probably only work in GUI Vim (Gvim or MacVim) and not in plain console Vim because the terminal usually does not forward modifier key combinations to Vim.

Default: ['<S-TAB>', '<Up>']

let g:ycm_key_list_previous_completion = ['<S-TAB>', '<Up>']

The g:ycm_key_list_stop_completion option

This option controls the key mappings used to close the completion menu. This is useful when the menu is blocking the view, when you need to insert the <TAB> character, or when you want to expand a snippet from UltiSnips and navigate through it.

Default: ['<Cy>']

let g:ycm_key_list_stop_completion = ['<C-y>']

The g:ycm_key_invoke_completion option

This option controls the key mapping used to invoke the completion menu for semantic completion. By default, semantic completion is triggered automatically after typing . , -> and :: in insert mode (if semantic completion support has been compiled in). This key mapping can be used to trigger semantic completion anywhere. Useful for searching for top-level functions and classes.

Console Vim (not Gvim or MacVim) passes <Nul> to Vim when the user types <C-Space> so YCM will make sure that <Nul> is used in the map command when you’re editing in console Vim, and <C-Space> in GUI Vim. This means that you can just press <C-Space> in both console and GUI Vim and YCM will do the right thing.

Setting this option to an empty string will make sure no mapping is created.

Default: <C-Space>

let g:ycm_key_invoke_completion = '<C-Space>'

The g:ycm_key_detailed_diagnostics option

This option controls the key mapping used to show the full diagnostic text when the user’s cursor is on the line with the diagnostic. It basically calls :YcmShowDetailedDiagnostic .

Setting this option to an empty string will make sure no mapping is created.

Default: <leader>d

let g:ycm_key_detailed_diagnostics = '<leader>d'

The g:ycm_global_ycm_extra_conf option

Normally, YCM searches for a .ycm_extra_conf.py file for compilation flags (see the User Guide for more details on how this works). This option specifies a fallback path to a config file which is used if no .ycm_extra_conf.py is found.

You can place such a global file anywhere in your filesystem.

Default: ''

let g:ycm_global_ycm_extra_conf = ''

The g:ycm_confirm_extra_conf option

When this option is set to 1 YCM will ask once per .ycm_extra_conf.py file if it is safe to be loaded. This is to prevent execution of malicious code from a .ycm_extra_conf.py file you didn’t write.

To selectively get YCM to ask/not ask about loading certain .ycm_extra_conf.py files, see the g:ycm_extra_conf_globlist option.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_confirm_extra_conf = 1

The g:ycm_extra_conf_globlist option

This option is a list that may contain several globbing patterns. If a pattern starts with a ! all .ycm_extra_conf.py files matching that pattern will be blacklisted, that is they won’t be loaded and no confirmation dialog will be shown. If a pattern does not start with a ! all files matching that pattern will be whitelisted. Note that this option is not used when confirmation is disabled using g:ycm_confirm_extra_conf and that items earlier in the list will take precedence over the later ones.

ルール:

  • * matches everything
  • ? matches any single character
  • [seq] matches any character in seq
  • [!seq] matches any char not in seq

例:

let g:ycm_extra_conf_globlist = ['~/dev/*','!~/*']
  • The first rule will match everything contained in the ~/dev directory so .ycm_extra_conf.py files from there will be loaded.
  • The second rule will match everything in the home directory so a .ycm_extra_conf.py file from there won’t be loaded.
  • As the first rule takes precedence everything in the home directory excluding the ~/dev directory will be blacklisted.

NOTE: The glob pattern is first expanded with Python’s os.path.expanduser() and then resolved with os.path.abspath() before being matched against the filename.

デフォルト: []

let g:ycm_extra_conf_globlist = []

The g:ycm_filepath_completion_use_working_dir option

By default, YCM’s filepath completion will interpret relative paths like ../ as being relative to the folder of the file of the currently active buffer. Setting this option will force YCM to always interpret relative paths as being relative to Vim’s current working directory.

デフォルト: 0

let g:ycm_filepath_completion_use_working_dir = 0

The g:ycm_semantic_triggers option

This option controls the character-based triggers for the various semantic completion engines. The option holds a dictionary of key-values, where the keys are Vim’s filetype strings delimited by commas and values are lists of strings, where the strings are the triggers.

Setting key-value pairs on the dictionary adds semantic triggers to the internal default set (listed below). You cannot remove the default triggers, only add new ones.

A “trigger” is a sequence of one or more characters that trigger semantic completion when typed. For instance, C++ ( cpp filetype) has . listed as a trigger. So when the user types foo. , the semantic engine will trigger and serve foo ‘s list of member functions and variables. Since C++ also has -> listed as a trigger, the same thing would happen when the user typed foo-> .

It’s also possible to use a regular expression as a trigger. You have to prefix your trigger with re! to signify it’s a regex trigger. For instance, re!\w+\. would only trigger after the \w+\. regex matches.

NOTE: The regex syntax is NOT Vim’s, it’s Python’s .

Default: [see next line]

let g:ycm_semantic_triggers =  {
  \   'c' : ['->', '.'],
  \   'objc' : ['->', '.', 're!\[[_a-zA-Z]+\w*\s', 're!^\s*[^\W\d]\w*\s',
  \             're!\[.*\]\s'],
  \   'ocaml' : ['.', '#'],
  \   'cpp,objcpp' : ['->', '.', '::'],
  \   'perl' : ['->'],
  \   'php' : ['->', '::'],
  \   'cs,java,javascript,typescript,d,python,perl6,scala,vb,elixir,go' : ['.'],
  \   'ruby' : ['.', '::'],
  \   'lua' : ['.', ':'],
  \   'erlang' : [':'],
  \ }

The g:ycm_cache_omnifunc option

Some omnicompletion engines do not work well with the YCM cache—in particular, they might not produce all possible results for a given prefix. By unsetting this option you can ensure that the omnicompletion engine is re-queried on every keypress. That will ensure all completions will be presented, but might cause stuttering and lagginess if the omnifunc is slow.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_cache_omnifunc = 1

The g:ycm_use_ultisnips_completer option

By default, YCM will query the UltiSnips plugin for possible completions of snippet triggers. This option can turn that behavior off.

デフォルト: 1

let g:ycm_use_ultisnips_completer = 1

The g:ycm_goto_buffer_command option

Defines where GoTo* commands result should be opened. Can take one of the following values: [ 'same-buffer', 'horizontal-split', 'vertical-split', 'new-tab', 'new-or-existing-tab' ] If this option is set to the 'same-buffer' but current buffer can not be switched (when buffer is modified and nohidden option is set), then result will be opened in horizontal split.

Default: 'same-buffer'

let g:ycm_goto_buffer_command = 'same-buffer'

The g:ycm_disable_for_files_larger_than_kb option

Defines the max size (in Kb) for a file to be considered for completion. If this option is set to 0 then no check is made on the size of the file you’re opening.

デフォルト:1000

let g:ycm_disable_for_files_larger_than_kb = 1000

The g:ycm_python_binary_path option

This option specifies the Python interpreter to use to run the jedi completion library. Specify the Python interpreter to use to get completions. By default the Python under which ycmd runs is used ( ycmd runs on Python 2.7 or 3.4+).

Default: ''

let g:ycm_python_binary_path = 'python'

NOTE: the settings above will make YCM use the first python executable found through the PATH.

よくある質問

I used to be able to import vim in .ycm_extra_conf.py , but now can’t

YCM was rewritten to use a client-server architecture where most of the logic is in the ycmd server . So the magic vim module you could have previously imported in your .ycm_extra_conf.py files doesn’t exist anymore.

To be fair, importing the magic vim module in extra conf files was never supported in the first place; it only ever worked by accident and was never a part of the extra conf API.

But fear not, you should be able to tweak your extra conf files to continue working by using the g:ycm_extra_conf_vim_data option. See the docs on that option for details.

I get ImportError exceptions that mention PyInit_ycm_core or initycm_core

These errors are caused by building the YCM native libraries for Python 2 and trying to load them into a Python 3 process (or the other way around).

For instance, if building for Python 2 but loading in Python 3:

ImportError: dynamic module does not define init function (PyInit_ycm_core)

If building for Python 3 but loading in Python 2:

ImportError: dynamic module does not define init function (initycm_core)

Setting the g:ycm_server_python_interpreter option to force the use of a specific Python interpreter for ycmd is usually the easiest way to solve the problem. Common values for that option are /usr/bin/python and /usr/bin/python3 .

I get a linker warning regarding libpython on Mac when compiling YCM

If the warning is ld: warning: path '/usr/lib/libpython2.7.dylib' following -L not a directory , then feel free to ignore it; it’s caused by a limitation of CMake and is not an issue. Everything should still work fine.

I get a weird window at the top of my file when I use the semantic engine

This is Vim’s preview window. Vim uses it to show you extra information about something if such information is available. YCM provides Vim with such extra information. For instance, when you select a function in the completion list, the preview window will hold that function’s prototype and the prototypes of any overloads of the function. It will stay there after you select the completion so that you can use the information about the parameters and their types to write the function call.

If you would like this window to auto-close after you select a completion string, set the g:ycm_autoclose_preview_window_after_completion option to 1 in your vimrc file. Similarly, the g:ycm_autoclose_preview_window_after_insertion option can be set to close the preview window after leaving insert mode.

If you don’t want this window to ever show up, add set completeopt-=preview to your vimrc . Also make sure that the g:ycm_add_preview_to_completeopt option is set to 0 .

It appears that YCM is not working

In Vim, run :messages and carefully read the output. YCM will echo messages to the message log if it encounters problems. It’s likely you misconfigured something and YCM is complaining about it.

Also, you may want to run the :YcmDebugInfo command; it will make YCM spew out various debugging information, including the YCM and ycmd logfile paths and the compile flags for the current file if the file is a C-family language file and you have compiled in Clang support. Logfiles can be opened in the editor using the :YcmToggleLogs command .

Sometimes it takes much longer to get semantic completions than normal

This means that libclang (which YCM uses for C-family semantic completion) failed to pre-compile your file’s preamble. In other words, there was an error compiling some of the source code you pulled in through your header files. I suggest calling the :YcmDiags command to see what they were.

Bottom line, if libclang can’t pre-compile your file’s preamble because there were errors in it, you’re going to get slow completions because there’s no AST cache.

YCM auto-inserts completion strings I don’t want!

If this happens when Vim automatically wraps text then it’s a Vim bug that has been fixed in version 8.0.0127. Update your Vim to this version or later.

This could also be some mappings that interfere with YCM’s internal ones. Make sure you don’t have something mapped to <Cp> , <Cx> or <Cu> (in insert mode).

YCM never selects something for you; it just shows you a menu and the user has to explicitly select something. If something is being selected automatically, this means there’s a bug or a misconfiguration somewhere.

I get a E227: mapping already exists for <blah> error when I start Vim

This means that YCM tried to set up a key mapping but failed because you already had something mapped to that key combination. The <blah> part of the message will tell you what was the key combination that failed.

Look in the Options section and see if any of the default mappings conflict with your own. Then change that option value to something else so that the conflict goes away.

I get 'GLIBC_2.XX' not found (required by libclang.so) when starting Vim

Your system is too old for the precompiled binaries from llvm.org. Compile Clang on your machine and then link against the libclang.so you just produced. See the full installation guide for help.

I’m trying to use a Homebrew Vim with YCM and I’m getting segfaults

Something (I don’t know what) is wrong with the way that Homebrew configures and builds Vim. I recommend using MacVim . Even if you don’t like the MacVim GUI, you can use the Vim binary that is inside the MacVim.app package (it’s MacVim.app/Contents/MacOS/Vim ) and get the Vim console experience.

I have a Homebrew Python and/or MacVim; can’t compile/SIGABRT when starting

You should probably run brew rm python; brew install python to get the latest fixes that should make YCM work with such a configuration. Also rebuild Macvim then. If you still get problems with this, see issue #18 for suggestions.

I get LONG_BIT definition appears wrong for platform when compiling

Look at the output of your CMake call. There should be a line in it like the following (with .dylib in place of .so on a Mac):

-- Found PythonLibs: /usr/lib/libpython2.7.so (Required is at least version "2.5")

That would be the correct output. An example of incorrect output would be the following:

-- Found PythonLibs: /usr/lib/libpython2.7.so (found suitable version "2.5.1", minimum required is "2.5")

Notice how there’s an extra bit of output there, the found suitable version "<version>" part, where <version> is not the same as the version of the dynamic library. In the example shown, the library is version 2.7 but the second string is version 2.5.1 .

This means that CMake found one version of Python headers and a different version for the library. これは間違っています。 It can happen when you have multiple versions of Python installed on your machine.

You should probably add the following flags to your cmake call (again, dylib instead of so on a Mac):

-DPYTHON_INCLUDE_DIR=/usr/include/python2.7 -DPYTHON_LIBRARY=/usr/lib/libpython2.7.so

This will force the paths to the Python include directory and the Python library to use. You may need to set these flags to something else, but you need to make sure you use the same version of Python that your Vim binary is built against, which is highly likely to be the system’s default Python.

I get libpython2.7.a [...] relocation R_X86_64_32 when compiling

The error is usually encountered when compiling YCM on Centos or RHEL. The full error looks something like the following:

/usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libpython2.7.a(abstract.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `a local symbol' can not be used when making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC

It’s possible to get a slightly different error that’s similar to the one above. Here’s the problem and how you solve it:

Your libpython2.7.a was not compiled with -fPIC so it can’t be linked into ycm_core.so . Use the -DPYTHON_LIBRARY= CMake flag to point it to a .so version of libpython on your machine (for instance, -DPYTHON_LIBRARY=/usr/lib/libpython2.7.so ). Naturally, this means you’ll have to go through the full installation guide by hand.

I get Vim: Caught deadly signal SEGV on Vim startup

This can happen on some Linux distros. If you encounter this situation, run Vim under gdb . You’ll probably see something like this in the output when Vim crashes:

undefined symbol: clang_CompileCommands_dispose

This means that Vim is trying to load a libclang.so that is too old. You need at least a 3.9 libclang. Just go through the installation guide and make sure you are using a correct libclang.so . We recommend downloading prebuilt binaries from llvm.org.

I get Fatal Python error: PyThreadState_Get: no current thread on startup

This is caused by linking a static version of libpython into ycmd’s ycm_core.so . This leads to multiple copies of the python interpreter loaded when python loads ycmd_core.so and this messes up python’s global state. The details aren’t important.

The solution is that the version of Python linked and run against must be built with either --enable-shared or --enable-framework (on OS X). This is achieved as follows ( NOTE: for Mac, replace --enable-shared with --enable-framework ):

  • When building python from source: ./configure --enable-shared {options}
  • When building python from pyenv: PYTHON_CONFIGURE_OPTS="--enable-shared" pyenv install {version}

install.py says python must be compiled with --enable-framework . ワット?

See the previous answer for how to ensure your python is built to support dynamic modules.

YCM does not read identifiers from my tags files

First, put let g:ycm_collect_identifiers_from_tags_files = 1 in your vimrc.

Make sure you are using Exuberant Ctags to produce your tags files since the only supported tag format is the Exuberant Ctags format . The format from “plain” ctags is NOT supported. The output of ctags --version should list “Exuberant Ctags”.

Ctags needs to be called with the --fields=+l (that’s a lowercase L , not a one) option because YCM needs the language:<lang> field in the tags output.

NOTE: Exuberant Ctags by default sets language tag for *.h files as C++ . If you have C (not C++) project, consider giving parameter --langmap=c:.ch to ctags to see tags from *.h files.

NOTE: Mac OS X comes with “plain” ctags installed by default. brew install ctags will get you the Exuberant Ctags version.

Also make sure that your Vim tags option is set correctly. See :h 'tags' for details. If you want to see which tag files YCM will read for a given buffer, run :echo tagfiles() with the relevant buffer active. Note that that function will only list tag files that already exist.

CTRL-U in insert mode does not work while the completion menu is visible

YCM uses completefunc completion mode to show suggestions and Vim disables <CU> in that mode as a “feature.” Sadly there’s nothing I can do about this.

My CTRL-R mapping does not work while the completion menu is visible

Vim prevents remapping of the <CR> key in all <CX> completion modes (except the <CX><CN> / <CX><CP> mode which operates in the same mode as <CN> / <CP> ) and YCM uses the <CX><CU> ( completefunc ) mode for completions. This means that adding <CR> to any of the g:ycm_key_list_* options has no effect. You need to use another key.

YCM conflicts with UltiSnips TAB key usage

YCM comes with support for UltiSnips (snippet suggestions in the popup menu), but you’ll have to change the UltiSnips mappings. See :h UltiSnips-triggers in Vim for details. You’ll probably want to change some/all of the following options:

g:UltiSnipsExpandTrigger
g:UltiSnipsJumpForwardTrigger
g:UltiSnipsJumpBackwardTrigger

Snippets added with :UltiSnipsAddFiletypes do not appear in the popup menu

For efficiency, YCM only fetches UltiSnips snippets in specific scenarios like visiting a buffer or setting its filetype. You can force YCM to retrieve them by manually triggering the FileType autocommand:

:doautocmd FileType

Why isn’t YCM just written in plain VimScript, FFS?

Because of the identifier completion engine and subsequence-based filtering. Let’s say you have many dozens of files open in a single Vim instance (I often do); the identifier-based engine then needs to store thousands (if not tens of thousands) of identifiers in its internal data-structures. When the user types, YCM needs to perform subsequence-based filtering on all of those identifiers (every single one!) in less than 10 milliseconds.

I’m sorry, but that level of performance is just plain impossible to achieve with VimScript. I’ve tried, and the language is just too slow. No, you can’t get acceptable performance even if you limit yourself to just the identifiers in the current file and simple prefix-based filtering.

Why does YCM demand such a recent version of Vim?

YCM needs a version of Vim with the timers feature to achieve full asynchronicity. This feature is available since Vim 7.4.1578.

Nasty bugs happen if I have the vim-autoclose plugin installed

Use the delimitMate plugin instead. It does the same thing without conflicting with YCM.

Is there some sort of YCM mailing list? I have questions

If you have questions about the plugin or need help, please use the ycm-users mailing list, don’t create issues on the tracker. The tracker is for bug reports and feature requests.

I get an internal compiler error when installing

This can be a problem on virtual servers with limited memory. A possible solution is to add more swap memory. A more practical solution would be to force the build script to run only one compile job at a time. You can do this by setting the YCM_CORES environment variable to 1 . 例:

YCM_CORES=1 ./install.py --clang-completer

I get weird errors when I press Ctrl-C in Vim

Never use Ctrl-C in Vim.

Using Ctrl-C to exit insert mode in Vim is a bad idea. The main issue here is that Ctrl-C in Vim doesn’t just leave insert mode, it leaves it without triggering InsertLeave autocommands (as per Vim docs). This is a bad idea and is likely to break many other things and not just YCM.

Bottom line, if you use Ctrl-C to exit insert mode in Vim, you’re gonna have a bad time.

If pressing <esc> is too annoying (agreed, it is), we suggest mapping it to something more convenient. On a QWERTY keyboard, a good pick for the <esc> map is inoremap jk <Esc> . This is right on the home row, it’s an incredibly rare digraph in English and if you ever need to type those two chars in sequence in insert mode, you just type j , then wait 500ms, then type k .

Why did YCM stop using Syntastic for diagnostics display?

Previously, YCM would send any diagnostics it would receive from the libclang semantic engine to Syntastic for display as signs in the gutter, red squiggles etc. Today, YCM uses its own code to do that.

Using Syntastic for this was always a kludge. Syntastic assumes its “checker” plugins behave in a certain way; those assumptions have never fit YCM. For instance, YCM continuously recompiles your code in the background for C-family languages and tries to push new diagnostics to the user as fast as possible, even while the user types.

Syntastic assumes that a checker only runs on file save (“active” mode) or even less frequently, when the user explicitly invokes it (“passive” mode). This mismatch in assumptions causes performance problems since Syntastic code isn’t optimized for this use case of constant diagnostic refreshing.

Poor support for this use case also led to crash bugs in Vim caused by Syntastic-Vim interactions ( issue #593 ) and other problems, like random Vim flickering. Attempts were made to resolve these issues in Syntastic, but ultimately some of them failed (for various reasons).

Implementing diagnostic display code directly in YCM resolves all of these problems. Performance also improved substantially since the relevant code is now written in Python instead of VimScript (which is very slow) and is tailored only for YCM’s use-cases. We were also able to introduce new features in this area since we’re now not limited to the Syntastic checker API.

We’ve tried to implement this in the most backwards-compatible way possible; YCM options that control diagnostic display fall back to Syntastic options that control the same concepts if the user has those set.

Still, some Syntastic-specific configuration you might have had might not be supported by the new code. Please file issues on the tracker in such cases; if we find the request to be reasonable, we’ll find a way to address it.

Completion doesn’t work with the C++ standard library headers

This is caused by an issue with libclang that only affects some operating systems. Compiling with clang the binary will use the correct default header search paths but compiling with libclang.so (which YCM uses) does not.

Mac OS X is normally affected, but there’s a workaround in YCM for that specific OS. If you’re not running that OS but still have the same problem, continue reading.

The workaround is to call echo | clang -v -E -x c++ - and look at the paths under the #include <...> search starts here: heading. You should take those paths, prepend -isystem to each individual path and append them all to the list of flags you return from your FlagsForFile function in your .ycm_extra_conf.py file.

See issue #303 for details.

When I open a JavaScript file, I get an annoying warning about .tern-project file

Take a look at the instructions for using the JavaScript completer .

If this is still really annoying, and you have a good reason not to have a .tern-project file, create an empty .tern-config file in your home directory and YCM will stop complaining.

When I start vim I get a runtime error saying R6034 An application has made an attempt to load the C runtime library incorrectly.

CMake and other things seem to screw up the PATH with their own msvcrXX.dll versions. Add the following to the very top of your vimrc to remove these entries from the path.

python << EOF
import os
import re
path = os.environ['PATH'].split(';')

def contains_msvcr_lib(folder):
    try:
        for item in os.listdir(folder):
            if re.match(r'msvcr\d+\.dll', item):
                return True
    except:
        pass
    return False

path = [folder for folder in path if not contains_msvcr_lib(folder)]
os.environ['PATH'] = ';'.join(path)
EOF

I hear that YCM only supports Python 2, is that true?

No. Both the Vim client and the ycmd server run on Python 2 or 3. If you work on a Python 3 project, you may need to set g:ycm_python_binary_path to the Python interpreter you use for your project to get completions for that version of Python.

On Windows I get E887: Sorry, this command is disabled, the Python's site module could not be loaded

If you are running vim on Windows with Python 2.7.11, this is likely caused by a bug . Follow this workaround or use a different version (Python 2.7.12 does not suffer from the bug).

I can’t complete python packages in a virtual environment.

This means that the Python used to run JediHTTP is not the Python of the virtual environment you’re in. To resolve this you either set g:ycm_python_binary_path to the absolute path of the Python binary in your virtual environment or since virtual environment will put that Python executable first in your PATH when the virtual environment is active then if you set g:ycm_python_binary_path to just 'python' it will be found as the first Python and used to run JediHTTP .

I want to defer loading of YouCompleteMe until after Vim finishes booting

In recent versions of Vim, you can install YCM in a folder under ~/.vim/pack/*/opt and then load it once the user is idle via an autocommand:

augroup load_ycm
  autocmd!
  autocmd CursorHold, CursorHoldI * :packadd YouCompleteMe
                                \ | autocmd! load_ycm
augroup END

YCM does not shut down when I quit Vim

YCM relies on the VimLeave event to shut down the ycmd server . Some plugins prevent this event from triggering by exiting Vim through an autocommand without using the nested keyword (see :h autocmd-nested ). One of these plugins is vim-nerdtree-tabs . You should identify which plugin is responsible for the issue and report it to the plugin author. Note that when this happens, ycmd will automatically shut itself down after 30 minutes.

Contributor Code of Conduct

Please note that this project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct . このプロジェクトに参加することによって、その条件を遵守することに同意します。

接触

If you have questions about the plugin or need help, please join the Gitter room or use the ycm-users mailing list.

If you have bug reports or feature suggestions, please use the issue tracker . Before you do, please carefully read CONTRIBUTING.md as this asks for important diagnostics which the team will use to help get you going.

The latest version of the plugin is available at http://valloric.github.io/YouCompleteMe/ .

The author’s homepage is http://val.markovic.io .

Please do NOT go to #vim on freenode for support. Please contact the YouCompleteMe maintainers directly using the contact details below.

ライセンス

This software is licensed under the GPL v3 license . © 2015-2017 YouCompleteMe contributors







-Valloric
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